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Upper Hot Pool Residence

Banff National Park of Canada, Alberta, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1993/06/10

Façade of the Upper Hot Pool Residence, showing its Tudor-Rustic decorative detailing on the front porch gable, and the distinctive treatment of limestone on the porch surrounds.; E. Mills, Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, 1990.
Façade
Historic façade of the Upper Hot Pool Residence, showing its fusion of English Arts and Crafts design elements with rustic materials and craftsmanship.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada.
Historical photograph
Rear view of the Upper Hot Pool Residence, showing its one-and-a-half storey structure of standard platform frame construction, with a rectangular plan and medium-pitch gable roof, 1990.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parks Canada, 1990.
Rear view

Other Name(s)

Upper Hot Pool Residence
Caretaker's Cottage
Chalet du concierge
Upper Hot Springs Caretaker's Cottage
Chalet du concierge d’Upper Hot Springs

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1934/01/01 to 1936/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2008/09/11

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Upper Hot Pool Residence, also known as the Caretaker’s Cottage, is a subsidiary structure to the nearby Bath House. It is a one-and-a-half storey structure with a medium-pitched gable roof and a rectangular plan. It is landscaped with a lawn and shrubbery. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Upper Hot Pool Residence is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental value.

Historical Value
The Upper Hot Pool Residence is a useful example of the theme of staff accommodation within National Parks at sites remote from settled areas. It is also associated with the Public Works Construction Act of 1934, a significant national Depression-relief initiative that provided funding for many federal construction projects as well as employment for local residents.

Architectural Value
The Upper Hot Pool Residence, designed to the Tudor-Rustic image, is a very good example of the fusion of English Arts and Crafts design elements with rustic materials and craftsmanship. The formula was applied to a range of park facilities between the late 1920s and 1930s. It entailed the embellishment of a basic rectangular plan with various design elements, such as the use of local stone and decorative half-timbering.

Environmental Value
The Upper Hot Pool Residence is located on the extreme end of the flat shelf of land created on Sulphur Mountain to accommodate the Upper Hot Springs Bath House. The building maintains an ongoing relationship to the site, which has remained substantially unchanged.

Sources: Edward Mills, Upper Hot Springs Caretaker’s Cottage, Banff National Park, Banff, Alberta, Federal Heritage Building Report 92-008; Upper Hot Springs Caretaker’s Cottage, Banff National Park, Banff, Alberta, Heritage Character Statement, 92-008.

Character-Defining Elements

The character defining elements of Upper Hot Pool Residence should be respected.

Its fusion of English Arts and Crafts design elements with rustic materials and craftsmanship such as:
- its one-and-a-half storey structure of standard platform frame construction, with a rectangular plan and medium-pitch gable roof;
- its Tudor-Rustic decorative detailing on the front façade that includes the mock half-timbering on the wall surfaces and front porch gable, and the distinctive treatment of limestone on the porch surrounds;
- its visual elements that repeat the design features of the bath house and include the front porch detailing, the fenestration pattern, the hipped roof treatment and the exposed rafters.

The manner in which the Upper Hot Pool Residence maintains an unchanged, ongoing relationship to its site and reinforces the character of its mountain park setting as evidenced in:
- its location on the extreme end of the flat shelf of land created to accommodate the Upper Hot Springs Bath House.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Recognized Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date

1993/06/10

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Residence
Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer

W.D. Cromarty

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

5607

Status

Published

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