Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
This Maritime Vernacular style cottage is located close to the street on Stratford Road. It features a symmetrical facade with central entrance. The gable roof has a large gabled dormer centred above the entrance.
The house is valued for its Maritime Vernacular style and for its association with an early industry in the Town of Stratford.
John W. Stewart built the home as his residence in the 1850s. He operated a tannery adjacent to the house. This was featured in an engraving of the property in Meacham's Atlas in 1880.
Stewart learned his trade from John Rendle, an English immigrant who worked as a tanner in the area in the 1860s.
Operating a tannery involved a great deal of labour. Hides were first purchased from local farmers usually after they had butchered livestock. These were then marked with the owner's initials and washed several times until softened. They were then placed in a lime pit for several days - then removed and stacked to dry. This process was repeated until the hair on the hides could be scrapped off. When the hair was gone, the hides were placed in a tanning pit with tannin or tanic acid.
The tannin could be extracted from the bark of hemlock trees. This was harvested from the Island's forests and often taken by boat to Stewart's tannery. Stewart later sold the business to his brother-in-law, George Forbes of Vernon River. A later owner was a seacaptain, Garret Hubley. The current owners have resided there since 1962. The tannery was eventually torn down and no evidence of it remains today.
The house retains many of its original elements and the property remains an important link to the history of an early industry in the town.
Source: Culture and Heritage Division, PEI Department of Communities, Cultural Affairs and Labour, Charlottetown, PE C1A 7N8
File #: 4310-20/S18
The heritage value of the house is shown in the following character-defining elements:
- the original sandstone foundation
- the one-and-one-half storey wood frame construction
- the symmetrical facade
- the gable roof
- the brick chimney
- the centred gabled dormer
- the fenestration of the windows and doors
Prince Edward Island
Province of Prince Edward Island
Heritage Places Protection Act
Registered Historic Place
Theme - Category and Type
- Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
- Architecture and Design
Function - Category and Type
- Single Dwelling
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
Culture and Heritage Division, PEI Department of Communities, Cultural Affairs and Labour, Charlottetown, PE C1A 7N8
File #: 4310-20/S18
Cross-Reference to Collection