Home / Accueil

Defensible Lockmaster's House

Rideau Canal National Historic Site of Canada / Lieu historique national du Canada du Canal-Rideau, Ontario, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1992/04/30

Corner view of the Defensible Lockmaster's House, showing the hipped roof and the original roof framing and the chimney, 1989.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, Couture, 1989.
Corner view
Façade of the Defensible Lockmaster's House, showing the simple compact, one-storey massing, 1989.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, Couture, 1989.
Façade
Rear view of the Defensible Lockmaster's House, showing the exterior thick limestone walls, constructed of rough-faced masonry blocks, 1989.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parks Canada, Couture, 1989.
Rear view

Other Name(s)

Defensible Lockmaster's House
Old Sys Lockstation

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1838/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/01/21

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Defensible Lockmaster’s House is located on a promontory overlooking the Rideau Canal near the lock at Old Slys Lockstation, as part of the Rideau Canal National Historic Site of Canada. Built of rough-faced masonry blocks, it is a compact, functional structure of square plan with a hipped roof. The front façade is symmetrical, with a central single doorway flanked by casement windows. A closed, gable-fronted porch protects the front entrance. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Defensible Lockmaster’s House is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values.

Historical Value
The Defensible Lockmaster’s House is a very good example of a building associated with the Rideau Canal and its maintenance, and as such, it played an important role in the transportation of military traffic on the canal during the 19th century as part of the military defence strategy for Canada. The Defensible Lockmaster's House at Old Slys Lockstation was built as a defensible residence in support of the military defence role of the Rideau Canal. The construction of the Old Slys lockstation prompted the development of several mills and a small community in the vicinity.

Architectural Value
The Defensible Lockmaster’s House is valued for its good aesthetic design and is one of the few defensible lockmasters' houses retaining the simple defensible design. Amongst the earliest of its type constructed on the Rideau Canal, the house represents the canal’s formative period. The interior plan reflects good functional design of this type of dwelling, as designed by the British military. Good craftsmanship can be seen in the handling of the stonework, which reflects the careful craftsmanship of the Royal Engineers.

Environmental Value
The Defensible Lockmaster’s House reinforces the historic character of its park-like setting at Old Slys Lockstation and is a familiar local landmark.

Sources: James De Jonge, Twenty Nine Buildings, Central Area, Rideau Canal, Ontario, Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office, Building Report 91-072 to 91-081; Defensible Lockmaster’s House, Old Slys Lockstation, Rideau Canal, Ontario, Heritage Character Statement 91-075.

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements of the Defensible Lockmaster’s House should be respected.

Its good aesthetic, functional design and quality craftsmanship and materials, for example:
- the simple compact, one-storey massing;
- the hipped roof, the original roof framing and the chimney;
- the exterior thick limestone walls, constructed of rough-faced masonry blocks, the placement of doors and windows;
- the configuration of the interior.

The manner in which the Defensible Lockmaster’s House reinforces the historic character of Old Slys Lockstation and is a familiar landmark, as evidenced by:
- its simple design and stone masonry walls that complement the lockstation;
- its role as a prominent component of the lockstation that makes it a local landmark.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Recognized Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date

1992/04/30

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Transport-Water
Canal or Canal Works

Architect / Designer

Royal Engineers

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

5114

Status

Published

Related Places

Photo of a lock

Rideau Canal National Historic Site of Canada

Rideau Canal National Historic Site of Canada is a 200 km man-made waterway running through a corridor of communities from Ottawa River to Lake Ontario. It was built in the mid…

SEARCH THE CANADIAN REGISTER

Advanced SearchAdvanced Search
Find Nearby PlacesFIND NEARBY PLACES PrintPRINT
Nearby Places