39, Front Street, Haldimand County, Ontario, N3W, Canada
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Built in 1862, the Enniskillen Lodge is a late Georgian structure influenced by the Regency style. This style was common to southern Ontario, in the early 1800s, and it is characterized by architectural restraint, good proportion and fine details. It is located at 39 Front Street in York, Ontario.
It has been designated by Haldimand County, for its historical and architectural value, in By-law 388/83.
The Enniskillen Lodge, formerly the Barber Hotel, was built for Mr. Daniel Barber, a prominent local hotelier, after the original building on the site burned down on February 5, 1862. The architect for the new hotel was William Broughton, Esq. The Barber Hotel provided accommodation for people travelling by boat, on the Grand River. In addition, various areas of the building have been used as Masonic Lodge rooms since 1866. In 1923, the Master and Wardens of Enniskillen Lodge, A.F. and A.M. No. 185, purchased the entire building and converted the second floor into Masonic Lodge rooms. By 1911, the entire building was used for this purpose.
Enniskillen Lodge's architecture is distinguished by balance. Large Georgian style windows, doors, and brick detailing are spaced and designed symmetrically. The main entrance is a well-proportioned four-panel door with sidelights and a rectangular transom. The windows have three different designs but their size and proportion reflect late Georgian sensibilities. Adding a flourish without disrupting the balance, are the hood moulds, terminating at label stops over the upper storey front windows. The first floor windows received a more restrained treatment with full soldier course heads in buff brick, doubtless because of the veranda above. The veranda, as an architectural element, was brought to Canada by veterans of campaigns in the East and West Indies and was subsequently added to many Regency style buildings.
Source: County of Haldimand By-law 388/83.
Character defining elements that reflect the heritage value of Enniskillen Lodge include its:
- proximity to the river
- large Georgian style windows
- Regency style four-panel door with sidelights and rectangular transom
- projected cornice with articulated dentils
- horizontal band coursing
- bastard tuck bead joints on front elevations
- hood moulds
Local Governments (ON)
Ontario Heritage Act
Municipal Heritage Designation (Part IV)
Theme - Category and Type
Function - Category and Type
- Social, Benevolent or Fraternal Club
- Commerce / Commercial Services
- Hotel, Motel or Inn
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
Cayuga Registry Office;
LACAC Haldimand County;
Local and provincial archives
Cross-Reference to Collection