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Lockmaster's House

Kingston Mills, Ontario, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1990/03/15

Detail view of the Lockmaster's House, showing the decorative scalloped shingles on the front gable, 1989.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, S. Ricketts, 1989.
Detail view
General view of the Lockmaster's House, showing the regular placement of the two-over-two windows, and the doors, 1989.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, S. Ricketts, 1989.
General view
Interior view of the Lockmaster's House, showing the woodwork and the waist-high wooden wainscotting, 1989.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, 1989.
Interior view

Other Name(s)

Lockmaster's House
Kingston Mills Lockstation

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1904/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/02/23

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Lockmaster’s House, also known as the Anglin Centre, is located next to the Rideau Canal at Kingston Mills Lockstation, part of the Rideau Canal National Historic Site of Canada. The two-storey, timber building is L-shaped with a gable roof. The main entrance is offset and a wrap around verandah extends along the east and south elevations. Regularly placed doors and windows pierce the clapboard exterior walls. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Lockmaster’s House is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values.

Historical Value
The Lockmaster’s House, the first structure to be built at this lockstation, is associated with the post-Confederation use of the canal as a transportation route, first for commercial freight and later for excursion steamers. In particular, the house is associated with Robert Anglin who was lockmaster and postmaster from 1892 to 1917. The building is now known as the Anglin Centre, and is used for interpretive purposes.

Architectural Value
The Lockmaster’s House is valued for its good aesthetics. It is a good example of turn-of-the-century vernacular, domestic design. By the late 19th century, design emphasis no longer reflected the military role of the Rideau Canal, but the commercial and recreational role of the canal system. Good functional design can be seen in the interior layout with its side-hall plan. Good craftsmanship is seen in the interior woodwork.

Environmental Value
The Defensible Lockmaster’s House reinforces the historic character of its park-like, rural setting at Kingston Mills Lockstation and is a familiar landmark to local residents and to visitors.

Sources: Shannon Ricketts, Kingston Mills Lockstation (Four Buildings), Kingston Mills, Ontario, Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office, Report 89-011; Lockmaster’s House, Kingston Mills Lockstation, Rideau Canal, Ontario, Heritage Character Statement 89-011.

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements of the Lockmaster’s House should be respected.

Its good aesthetics, functional design and good quality materials and craftsmanship, for example:
- the two-storey, L-shaped massing;
- the gable roof, clad in cedar shingles, and the chimney;
- the frame construction and the exterior horizontal clapboard siding;
- the regular placement of the two-over-two windows, and the doors;
- the gables, the decorative scalloped shingles on the front gable, and the offset front entry;
- the rock-faced ashlar foundation;
- the interior side-hall plan configuration, the interior lath and plaster walls, the woodwork, including the balustraded staircase and the waist-high wooden wainscotting.

The manner in which the Lockmaster’s House reinforces the historic character of its park-like, rural setting at Kingston Mills Lockstation and is a familiar local landmark, as evidenced by:
- its overall scale, design and materials, which harmonize with the surrounding green spaces at the lock station;
- its visibility due to its prominent location within a group of lockstation buildings adjacent to the canal, which makes it a local landmark.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Recognized Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date

1990/03/15

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1912/01/01 to 1912/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

3588

Status

Published

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Rideau Canal National Historic Site of Canada

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