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Green Gables House

Cavendish, Prince Edward Island, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1985/07/10

View of the main entrance of Green Gables House, showing the one-and-a-half storey, L-shaped massing topped by a gable roof with a dormer window on the front façade and the small vestibule entrance, 2000.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, J. Sylvester, 2000.
Façade
View of the exterior of Green Gables House, showing the window arrangement and the green shutters as well as the gable ends which have traditionally been green, 2000.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, J. Sylvester, 2000.
Corner view
General view of Green Gables House, showing the wood frame construction clad in white painted shingles, 2002.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, J. Daniluck, 2002.
Rear view

Other Name(s)

Green Gables House
Maison aux pignons verts

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1831/01/01 to 1870/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/02/25

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Green Gables House sits in the midst of Prince Edward Island National Park of Canada. A warm and welcoming residence, the one-and-a-half storey house is painted white and topped by the famous green-gable roof. Its front façade is highlighted by a dormer window, a small vestibule entrance, and green shutters that flank the double pane, wood, sash windows. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

Green Gables House is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental value.

Historical Value
Green Gables House is internationally famous as one of Canada’s most celebrated fictional houses. It is one of the best examples of a building associated with the Canadian author, Lucy Maud Montgomery, who used the farmhouse as both the inspiration and the setting for her famous novel, “Anne of Green Gables.” The story was an instant success in 1908 and has since been translated into 17 languages. Green Gables House has been of interest to tourists since the publication of the novel, and has played an important role in the interpretive programs of Prince Edward Island National Park of Canada.

Architectural Value
Green Gables House is valued for its good aesthetic and functional design. Its farmhouse design, built in successive stages, places it firmly in Canadian vernacular building traditions of the 19th century. It is of a type very common in Prince Edward Island and most of eastern Canada. The interior of the house has since been reconstructed to appear as it did in the novels.

Environmental Value
Green Gables House reinforces the picturesque character of its recreational setting at Prince Edward Island National Park of Canada and has become a symbol of the region.

Sources: Sally Coutts, Green Gables, Prince Edward Island National Park, Cavendish, Prince Edward Island, Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office, Building Report, 84-050; Green Gables House, Prince Edward Island National Park, Cavendish, Prince Edward Island, Heritage Character Statement, 84-050.

Character-Defining Elements

The following character-defining elements of Green Gables House should be respected.

Its good aesthetic and functional design and good craftsmanship and materials, for example:
- the one-and-a-half storey, L-shaped massing topped by a gable roof with a dormer window on the front façade;
- the small vestibule entrance;
- the wood frame construction clad in white painted shingles;
- the window arrangement and the green shutters as well as the gable ends which have traditionally been green;
- the interior plan, finishes and details.

The manner in which Green Gables House reinforces the picturesque character of its recreational park setting and is a symbolic landmark in the region, as evidenced by:
- its overall scale, design and materials, which contribute to its park surroundings;
- its role as a symbolic landmark, due to its literary associations;
- its role as part of the Prince Edward Island National Park of Canada interpretive program, which makes it familiar to international tourists and visitors of the park.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Recognized Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date

1985/07/10

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Residence
Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer

David McNeil

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec.

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

2491

Status

Published

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