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St. Michael's Ukrainian Orthodox Church

110 Disraeli Street, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R2W, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2008/03/28

Primary elevations, from the southwest, of St. Michael's Ukrainian Orthodox Church, Winnipeg, 2009; Historic Resources Branch, Manitoba Culture, Heritage and Tourism, 2009
Primary Elevations
Interior view of St. Michael's Ukrainian Orthodox Church, Winnipeg, 2009; Historic Resources Branch, Manitoba Culture, Heritage and Tourism, 2009
Interior
No Image

Other Name(s)

St. Mark's (Anglican) Mission Chapel
St. Mark's Mission
Chapelle missionnaire (anglicane) St. Mark's
Missionnaire St. Mark's
St. Michael's Ukrainian Orthodox Church

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1902/01/01 to 1902/12/31

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2008/03/05

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

St. Michael's Ukrainian Orthodox Church is a compact wood-frame structure built in 1902 as an Anglican chapel in the Point Douglas area of Winnipeg, moved in 1906 a few blocks west to its present site on a residential street and converted in 1918-19 to an Orthodox church. The City of Winnipeg designation applies to the building on its footprint and listed exterior and interior elements.

Heritage Value

St. Michael's Ukrainian Orthodox Church, a modest, dignified wooden structure in one of Winnipeg's oldest neighbourhoods, serves as an active, continuous link to a period about a century ago when East Europeans flocked into the city on the lure of better lives for themselves and their families. Distinguished on the outside by silver banyas (onion domes) and three-bar crosses and within by rich iconography and handcrafted furnishings, the church is an evocative expression of efforts by the city's first National Greek Orthodox congregation to replicate the established old-country ecclesiastical order in a new urban environment. Through the skills of its artisans, the faith community transformed what began as St. Mark's Mission Chapel, an Anglican outreach project among immigrant populations, into a more familiar and traditional Orthodox house of worship. The facility also reflects its congregation's practicality and economy, standing as it does on an exceptionally high stone foundation extended crosswise at the rear to form a more generous basement hall than provided by the chapel's original footprint. Lovingly maintained over the years, St. Michael's is an enduring embodiment of the values and aspirations of its founding members and their successors.

Source: City of Winnipeg Standing Policy Committee on Property and Development Minutes, September 12, 2008

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements that define the site character of St. Michael's Ukrainian Orthodox Church include:
- the North Point Douglas location in Winnipeg, mid-block on the east side of residential Disraeli Street between the Red River and Sutherland Avenue
- the church's west-facing placement within its double lot, set back among well-kept lawns, flower beds, mature trees and, at the front, a prominent white clover-leaf cross inscribed with blessings

Key exterior elements that define the church as a simple yet dignified Orthodox facility include:
- the narrow, elongated rectangular form, one storey high under a gable roof, expanded by a tall inset and squared front tower, a gabled front porch and a three-sided apse, all of wood-frame construction
- the high, oversized foundation of roughly dressed limestone that extends beyond the building footprint to incorporate raised front and rear basement sections with shed roofs
- the tower's large metal-clad banya and three-bar Orthodox crosses
- the fenestration, including pointed tower, nave and apse windows with simple Gothic tracery, two bull's eye windows of coloured glass (in the porch and rear gable end), tall rectangular basement openings, etc.
- the unpretentious materials and details, including white horizontal lap siding, plain window surrounds, return eaves, the inscribed cornerstone, etc.

Key interior elements that define the church's Orthodox character include:
- the formal three-volume layout, including the east-end sanctuary raised by two broad steps, the unobstructed centre-aisle nave and the west-end narthex with a choir loft above
- the magnificent three-door iconostas, heavily decorated with traditional icon portraits of the saints and separating the nave from the sanctuary's inner altar
- the richly detailed nave and sanctuary, including the arched and dark-stained wood ceiling, side walls embellished with icon portraits, wooden pews in a processional layout, three elaborate chandeliers, etc.
- the modest, practical features, such as the simple wood trim, the steep, narrow loft staircase, etc.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Manitoba

Recognition Authority

City of Winnipeg

Recognition Statute

City of Winnipeg Act

Recognition Type

Winnipeg Landmark Heritage Structure

Recognition Date

2008/03/28

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1906/01/01 to 1906/12/31

Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land
Migration and Immigration
Building Social and Community Life
Religious Institutions

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Religious Facility or Place of Worship

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

15-30 Fort Street Winnipeg MB

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

W0228

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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