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Twin Falls Tea House National Historic Site of Canada

Upper Valley Road, Yoho National Park of Canada, British Columbia, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1992/11/06

View of Twin Falls Tea House, showing its peeled log roof purlins and rafters, 1995.; Agence Parcs Canada / Parks Canada Agency, 1995.
General view
View of Twin Falls Tea House, showing its horizontal log construction, 1995.; Agence Parcs Canada / Parks Canada Agency, 1995.
General view
View of Twin Falls from the porch of the Twin Falls Tea House National Historic Site of Canada, 1995.; Agence Parcs Canada / Parks Canada Agency, 1995.
General view

Other Name(s)

Twin Falls Tea House National Historic Site of Canada
Twin Falls Tea House
Salon de thé des Chutes-Twin
La maison de thé Twin Falls
La maison de thé Twin Falls

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1908/01/01 to 1928/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/03/09

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Twin Falls Tea House National Historic Site of Canada is located in a clearing facing Twin Falls Creek near Yoho Glacier in the Upper Yoho Valley, British Columbia. Built in three sections, this picturesque log structure provides an outstanding example of rustic design. Official recognition refers to the Tea House on the site of its legal property.

Heritage Value

Twin Falls Tea House was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1992 because:
- it is constructed in the rustic design tradition;
- it is associated with outdoor recreation in the national parks of Canada.

Its heritage value lies in its physical illustration of the rustic design tradition and in its use as a stopping place on a busy hiking trail in Yoho National Park of Canada. Twin Falls Tea House was built in association with the Canadian Pacific Railway in three phases: a one-storey cabin (1908-1910), a two-storey chalet and lodge (1922-23), and a link between the two units (1925-28). These sections illustrate log construction methods practiced at different periods within Canada’s national parks.

Sources: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, November 1992; Commemorative Integrity Statement, January 2002.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements that contribute to the heritage character of the site include:
- its siting in a forest clearing on a slope facing Twin Falls Creek;
- its L-shaped plan comprised of a single-storey rectangle under a front-facing gable roof and single-storey wing on the south side which is made up of the original 1908 log cabin and the 1922-23 extension;
- the rustic character of the chalet design with its deep-overhang roof sheltering a second-floor balcony supported by large-diameter corner posts, peeled log roof purlins and rafters;
- the consistent use of small-paned windows and the use of natural materials throughout, including large-diameter, locally cut logs and wood shingle roofing;
- the hand-hewn detailing and craftsmanship such as half-log door and window surrounds, wood shingle roofing;
- the legibility of the different construction technologies used for the original cabin and the chalet, including horizontally laid logs with double-notched corners for the former, and scribed horizontal log construction with square-corner notching for the latter;
- the surviving original volumes, materials and detailing of interior public spaces;
- the viewplanes from the porch of the Tea House to Twin Falls, to a footpath leading to a narrow gorge below Twin Falls, to the bridge and hiking trails providing access to it, and to surrounding mountain terrain;
- the ongoing use by visitors to Yoho National Park of Canada.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

1992/11/06

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1925/01/01 to 1928/01/01
1922/01/01 to 1923/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Sports and Leisure

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Commerce / Commercial Services
Eating or Drinking Establishment
Leisure
Tourist Facility

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

113

Status

Published

Related Places

General view.

Twin Falls Tea House

The Twin Falls Tea House is an asymmetrical, rustic log building that consists of an original single- storey, gable-roofed log cabin (ca.1908), a two-storey Swiss Chalet style…

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