Canadian Pacific Railway Station
Canadien Pacifique, gare ferroviaire du
Canadian Pacific Heritage Railway Station
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The Canadian Pacific Railway Station at Masson is a one-storey, wooden railway station, built in 1877. It is located at the heart of the small, pulp-and-paper community of Masson-Angers, within the amalgamated city of Gatineau. The formal recognition is confined to the railway station building itself.
The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) Station at Masson represents Quebec's first provincial railway: the Québec, Montréal, Ottawa and Occidental Railway Company (QMO&O). The community at Masson was created with the coming of the railway, and the station played an important continuing role in the local pulp and paper industry.
The Masson station is typical of the standard QMO&O stations built along the Ottawa and Saint Lawrence rivers between Québec and Hull. It is characterized by its simple design, wood construction, and domestic scale and detailing.
The Masson station retains its original relationship to its site, including the tracks. Its location at the centre of the community reflects its physical and economic impact on the community.
Sources: Énoncé de la valeur patrimoniale, Gare du Canadien Pacifique, Masson (Buckingham-Jonction) (Québec), Mars 1994; Yves Laframboise et Louise Côté, Rapport sur les gares ferroviaires 181, Gare du Canadien Pacifique, Masson (Buckingham-Jonction), Québec, 1993.
Character-defining elements of the Gare du Canadien Pacifique at Masson include:
- its simple, domestic design, with features typical of QMO&O stations, including: its one-storey height; its gable roof supported by wooden brackets; a cross-gable over the telegrapher's bay; horizontal wood cladding; and large sash windows
- ts steeply pitched, wide-eaved, gable roof, enlivened by a decorative cross-gable over the telegrapher's bay, under which the main roof shelters the bay
-its elongated, rectangular plan, interrupted only by the projecting telegrapher's bay
- the semaphore signaling device incorporated in the cross-gable
- its wood construction and exterior detailing typical of small, wooden railway stations, including : horizontal wood cladding; vertical end-boards; and wooden brackets, here rendered in a slimmer, more delicate version that heightens the vertical impact of the building
- its fenestration and doors, including : large, six-over-six, sash windows; wooden doors; and simple window and door frames
- surviving original interior partitions which follow the station's original plan, consisting of a waiting room on each side of a central telegrapher's office, in the original part of the building; an express room and a storage room in the later part of the station
- surviving original interior finishes and fixtures, including: tongue-and-groove paneling; woodwork around windows and doors; mouldings and baseboards; wood floors; wooden bench; and ticket seller's wickets
Government of Canada
Heritage Railway Stations Protection Act
Heritage Railway Station
Theme - Category and Type
- Developing Economies
- Communications and Transportation
Function - Category and Type
- Station or Other Rail Facility
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection