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Doukhobors at Veregin National Historic Site of Canada

Veregin, Saskatchewan, S0A, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2006/11/27

General view of Doukhobors at Veregin, showing the drive shed built between 1910 and 1912, 2004.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, Judith Dufresne, 2004.
General view
General view of Doukhobors at Veregin, showing the grain elevator constructed around 1908, 2004.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, Judith Dufresne, 2004.
General view
General view of Doukhobors at Veregin, showing the prayer home constructed around 1917, 2004.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, Judith Dufresne, 2004.
General view

Other Name(s)

Doukhobors at Veregin National Historic Site of Canada
Doukhobors at Veregin
Doukhobors à Veregin
National Doukhobor Heritage Village
National Doukhobor Heritage Village

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1904/01/01 to 1931/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/06/23

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Located in rural Saskatchewan, the Doukhobors at Veregin National Historic Site of Canada was a centre for the larger Doukhobour communities in the general area. The site itself is a level plot surrounded by roads, the central feature of which is a large and very handsomely designed prayer home. Buildings original to the site, and others moved to the site combine to provide an understanding of the history of the Doukhobor people in Canada. The official recognition refers to the property, and its associated buildings and archaeological remains in their existing spatial relationships.

Heritage Value

The Doukhobors at Veregin was designated a national historic site of Canada in 2006 because:
- the original Veregin settlement (of which the prayer home, machine shed, grain elevator and foundations of the old store survive) was the administrative, distribution and spiritual centre for the region during the first period of Doukhobor settlement in Canada; and,
- the spectacular prayer home reflects the settlement's importance to the Doukhobors as a religious and cultural centre, as well as the authority and the vision of the leader of the Doukhobors, Peter V. Verigin.

The Doukhobors originated in southern Russia as a breakaway sect from the Russian Orthodox Church. After several moves within Russia, the Doukhobors began immigrating to Canada in the early 20th century. Inspired by their leader, Peter V. Verigin, the Doukhobors created the Veregin Settlement. This settlement played an essential role as an administrative, distribution, and spiritual centre for the Doukhobor community in the region. The settlement was established in 1904, and was the headquarters of the Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood between 1917 and 1931. The community declined after this point, but the settlement was revived in the 1980s as a heritage village dedicated to presenting the history of the Doukhobors. The spectacular two-storey prayer home, which originally served as the residence of the head of the community as well as the spiritual and administrative centre for Doukhobors arriving in Canada, currently operates as a museum and continues to play an important role within the Doukhobor community. (added to reflect second HV bullet)

Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, 2005.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements contributing to the heritage value of this site include:
- the location and interrelation of the original surviving buildings of the site, namely the drive shed (1910-12), grain elevator (ca. 1908), prayer home (1917), and the foundations of the old store (1904-08);
- the flat site with central open area, and unimpeded views within it;
- the presence of the relocated buildings;
- the volumes of the original and relocated buildings, their materials, roof types, window and door openings, trim, and internal disposition of spaces;
- the surface and below-grade archaeological remains, indicative of the locations of former buildings;
- the collections of objects related to Doukhobor history.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

2006/11/27

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1931/01/01 to 1980/01/01
1980/01/01 to 2009/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land
Migration and Immigration
Peopling the Land
Settlement
Developing Economies
Extraction and Production
Building Social and Community Life
Community Organizations
Building Social and Community Life
Religious Institutions
Building Social and Community Life
Education and Social Well-Being
Building Social and Community Life
Social Movements
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Philosophy and Spirituality

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Mission
Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Religious Facility or Place of Worship
Community
Settlement

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Québec.

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

11572

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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