Home / Accueil

Frenchman's Creek National Historic Site of Canada

Niagara River Parkway, Fort Erie, Ontario, L2A, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1921/05/21

View of the monument at Frenchman's Creek.; Parks Canada/Parcs Canada, 1989.
View of monument
No Image
No Image

Other Name(s)

Frenchman's Creek
Frenchman's Creek National Historic Site of Canada

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/07/15

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Frenchman’s Creek National Historic Site of Canada is located on a point in the centre of a bridge over Frenchman’s Creek, a tributary of the Niagara River, near Bridgeburg, Ontario. It is marked by a Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada plaque, located within the designated place, approximately 85 metres from the centre of the bridge. There are no known extant resources associated with the War of 1812 battle that took place in this area. Official recognition refers to a polygon centred on a point at the centre of the bridge.

Heritage Value

Frenchman’s Creek was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1921 because:
- the British action at Frenchman’s Creek forced American advance parties back across the Niagara River and ended American hopes for victory on the Niagara frontier in 1812.

The battle at Frenchman’s Creek, a minor skirmish, occurred early on November 28, 1812. It was part of a two-pronged American attack on Frenchman’s Creek and Fort Erie, in preparation for a general invasion of the Niagara Frontier. American Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Boerstler was directed to attack the guard at Frenchman’s Creek and destroy the bridge over the creek along the edge of the Niagara River. This was intended to stop British reinforcements at Chippawa from interfering with the main invasion at Fort Erie. Boerstler was ultimately repulsed by Lieutenant Colonel Bisshopp’s forces and was unsuccessful in his attempts to destroy the bridge. The failures at Frenchman’s Creek contributed, in part, to the cancellation of the larger American invasion planned for the Niagara Frontier at the end of 1812.

Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, March 2009.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements contributing to the heritage value of this site include:
- its location in the area of the mouth of Frenchman’s Creek, a tributary of the Niagara River;
- its proximity to Fort Erie and Fort Chippawa, both important national historic sites of Canada;
- the relationship of the site to its plaque, which is located on the Niagara River Parkway 80 metres southeast of the bridge;
-the surrounding viewscapes, including the Niagara River, Fort Erie and the largely wooded area to the southwest;
- the integrity of any surviving or as yet unidentified archaeological remains which may be found within the site in their original placement and extent.




Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1812/11/28 to 1812/11/28

Theme - Category and Type

Governing Canada
Military and Defence

Function - Category and Type


Historic or Interpretive Site


Battle Site

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




Related Places



Advanced SearchAdvanced Search
Nearby Places