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49 Charlotte Street

49 Charlotte Street, Sydney, Nova Scotia, B1P, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2006/03/21

Side and front elevations, 49 Charlotte Street, Sydney, NS, 2007.; Cape Breton Regional Municipalty, 2007
Side and Front Elevations
Side elevation, 49 Charlotte Street, Sydney, NS, 2007.; Cape Breton Regional Municipalty, 2007
Side Elevation
Front elevation, 49 Charlotte Street, Sydney, NS, 2007.; Cape Breton Regional Municipalty, 2007
Front Elevation

Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/08/19

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

49 Charlotte Street is located in Sydney, Nova Scotia and was built in 1802. Since its construction it has been highly modified. It now stands as a two-storey residence of simple architecture with a low pitch roof. The property is located within the North End Sydney Heritage Conservation District and is situated adjacent to the street. The municipal designation applies to the building and property.

Heritage Value

The heritage value of 49 Charlotte Street, as recognised by its municipal designation, lies in its age, simple architecture, and original function as Sydney's first Market House.

Built in 1802, this house has been extensively remodelled over time to its present appearance. It is surrounded by other heritage homes of various sizes and styles and contributes to the largely intact historic building stock that comprises the North End Sydney Heritage Conservation District.

The Market House was designed by Governor DesBarres as part of his eighteenth century plans for the town of Sydney. Originally, it was likely a long, narrow, one-storey building, with few windows, a door at one end and a peaked roof. A cupola and bell were located on the roof. Little farming was done in Sydney proper, so farmers from outlying communities brought their goods to sell to local residents and the garrison from this market. On market day, the clerk of the market rang the bell, signalling to the residents the market was open. In the mid 1860s the building was converted to a private residence and its appearance slowly evolved to is simple, two-storey form of today.

Source: CBRM Heritage Files: H7

Character-Defining Elements

Character-defining elements of 49 Charlotte Street include:

- rubble foundation;
- simple, asymmetrical façade;
- one-over-one wood frame windows;
- wood cladding;
- flat roof;
- all historic interior elements including fireplace mantles, staircase, wood trim, doors and original hardware;
- all structural elements relating to the building’s original function;
- location within the North End Sydney Heritage Conservation District.



Nova Scotia

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (NS)

Recognition Statute

Heritage Property Act

Recognition Type

Municipally Registered Property

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Building Social and Community Life
Community Organizations

Function - Category and Type


Single Dwelling


Commerce / Commercial Services

Architect / Designer

DesBarres, Joseph Frederick Wallet



Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

CBRM Heritage Property Files, 320 Esplanade, Sydney, NS

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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