Battle of Rivière des Prairies / Battle of Coulée Grou National Historic Site of Canada
Battle of Rivière des Prairies / Battle of Coulée Grou
Bataille de Rivière-des-Prairies / combat de la coulée Grou
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Battle of Rivière des Prairies / Battle of Coulée Grou National Historic Site of Canada is located on a rolling, partially treed landscape near the coast of the Island of Montréal in Québec. It was the site of a battle between a group of Iroquois and a group of French settlers in 1690. There are no extant remains of the battle; however, the site is marked by a Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada commemorative plaque that is located approximately 60 metres from the creek on Gouin Boulevard. Official recognition refers to the irregular polygon of the battle site at the time of designation.
Battle of Rivière des Prairies / Battle of Coulée Grou was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1924 because:
- it is the site of a battle, in 1690, between the French and the Iroquois.
On July 2 1690, the Sieur de Colombet, a former lieutenant in the French army, was alerted to the presence of a group of Iroquois on the nearby Rivière des Prairies, prompting him to gather 25 settlers to investigate. They traveled to the property of Jean Grou, near the creek bearing his name, and fired on the canoes of the Iroquois, killing four. The Iroquois, numbering roughly 100, landed and engaged in combat with the French. In the ensuing battle 15 French and 30 Iroquois were killed or taken prisoner.
Sources: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, 1924, June 1980, May 2009.
Key elements contributing to the heritage value of this site include:
- its location, on the island of Montréal in Québec;
- its siting on a rolling, partially treed landscape on the banks of the Rivière des Prairies and Coulée Grou Creek;
- the integrity of any surviving or as yet unidentified archaeological remains which may be found within the site in their original placement and extent;
- the viewscapes to and from the site, the Rivière des Prairies and Coulée Grou Creek.
Government of Canada
Historic Sites and Monuments Act
National Historic Site of Canada
1690/01/01 to 1690/01/01
Theme - Category and Type
Function - Category and Type
- Historic or Interpretive Site
- Battle Site
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection