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Jonathan Shearman House

1423 No. 341 Highway, Upper Canard, Nova Scotia, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2001/07/11

Front and west elevation, Jonathan Shearman House and barn, Upper Canard, Nova Scotia, 2006.
; Heritage Division, NS Dept. of Tourism, Culture and Heritage, 2006.
House and Barn
Front and east elevations, Jonathan Shearman House, Upper Canard, Nova Scotia, 2006.
; Heritage Division, NS Dept. of Tourism, Culture and Heritage, 2006.
Front and East Elevations
Front elevation, Jonathan Shearman House, Upper Canard, Nova Scotia, 2006.; Heritage Division, NS Dept. of Tourism, Culture and Heritage, 2006.
Front Elevation

Other Name(s)

Jonathan Shearman House
William B. Eaton House
Jonathan Shearman House
Shearman-Belcher House

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/12/22

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Jonathan Shearman House is located on Highway 341 in Upper Canard, Kings County, Nova Scotia. This two-and-a-half storey wooden house was built around 1773. The house, barn and property are included in the provincial designation.

Heritage Value

The Jonathan Shearman House is valued because it is a rare example of an eighteenth-century, timber-frame, gambrel-roofed residence.

The property on which this house sits was originally part of a farm lot in the Cornwallis Township laid out in 1760 as part of the grants to be allotted to the incoming New England Planters. Jonathan Shearman purchased this lot from John Whidden in 1772. Construction of the house began around 1773 and was completed the following year.

Jonathan Shearman was born in South Kingston, Rhode Island in 1731. He was probably drawn to the Cornwallis Township by the fact that his brother-in-law, Stephen Harrington Jr., was already established there. Shearman began purchasing land in the Cornwallis Township in 1770, amassing substantial amounts by the time of his death in 1810.

Shearman was a prominent resident of the township, attaining the rank of Colonel in the militia, and serving on a number of committees for the community. He also took an active part in the religious life of Cornwallis. Shearman was also intimately connected with the rise of Methodism in King County as one of the first converts to Methodism in the region, coming under the influence of William Black, the itinerant Methodist evangelist.

The Eaton House is a fine example of the early English-style gambrel-roofed dwelling, with its central front entry, rear ell and large central brick chimney which serves the four fireplaces built in the house as well as the brick Dutch oven located in the basement. Parallel to, and at the rear of the house, is a one-storey wooden barn.

Aside from its obvious architectural merit, the Eaton House has a significant and well-documented history from 1761 to the present. That documentation confirms that the house was built around 1773 by Colonel Jonathan Sherman and remained in his family for the next 225 years.

Source: Provincial Heritage Program property files, no. 251, 1747 Summer Street, Halifax, NS.

Character-Defining Elements

Character-defining elements of the Jonathan Shearman House include:

- two-and-a-half storey wood construction;
- one-and-a-half storey rear ell;
- gambrel roofed main house;
- gabled-roofed rear ell;
- central front entrance;
- central brick chimney;
- one-storey barn parallel and to the rear of the house;
- brick Dutch oven located in the basement.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Nova Scotia

Recognition Authority

Province of Nova Scotia

Recognition Statute

Heritage Property Act

Recognition Type

Provincially Registered Property

Recognition Date

2001/07/11

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land
Settlement
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Current

Food Supply
Barn, Stable or Other Animal Housing
Residence
Single Dwelling

Historic

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Provincial Heritage Program property files, no. 251, 1747 Summer Street, Halifax, NS.

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

00PNS0251

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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