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Courtney House

114 Water Street, Shelburne, Nova Scotia, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1989/06/16

Rear elevation, Courtney House, Shelburne, Nova Scotia, 2007.
; Heritage Division, NS Dept. of Tourism, Culture and Heritage, 2007.
Rear elevation, Courtney House
South elevation, Courtney House, Shelburne, Nova Scotia, 2007.
; Heritage Division, NS Dept. of Tourism, Culture and Heritage, 2007.
South elevation, Courtney House
Front and south elevation, Courtney House, Shelburne, Nova Scotia, 2007.
; Heritage Division, NS Dept. of Tourism, Culture and Heritage, 2007.
Front and south elevation, Courtney House

Other Name(s)

Courtney House
114 Water Street

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2010/01/14

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Courtney House is located on the Corner of Water and George Streets in Shelburne, Nova Scotia. This two-and-a-half storey, New England Colonial style house was built around 1784. The house and property are included in the municipal designation.

Heritage Value

The Courtney House is valued for its architecture and for its historical association with local businessmen.

The Courtney House was built around 1784 for local merchant Richard Courtney. Courtney was a Port Roseway Associate from Boston and had been a Captain with the original Port Roseway Associates. In 1782, a group of 120 heads of families met to organize a settlement in the "land of hope," Nova Scotia. They were drawn from all walks of life and several states. They called themselves the Port Roseway Associates after the area in which they hoped to settle. In 1783, 1,512 persons embarked on a journey to Port Roseway, later renamed Shelburne.

Courtney carried on his business in his residence, selling yard goods and lace imported from London and buying furs and tailoring. He later sold his home and moved back to the United States.

The next owner of the house was Jacob Van Buskirk. Van Buskirk was a New Jersey Loyalist, and was at various times a senior militia officer, Justice of the Peace, Collector of Customs and Member of the House of Assembly.

In 1832, the house was sold to William Muir. Muir, a merchant and shipbuilder, was the son of Loyalist James Muir. In 1899, the house was passed to Charles W. Muir. Muir studied dentistry in the United States and returned to Shelburne to set up his practice in the north-west corner of the house.

Since 1980, the house has been in the possession of the Housing Department of the provincial government.

The original part of Courtney House is a New England Colonial style structure. This two-and-a-half storey wooden house has a central doorway in a five bay symmetrical front façade. There is a pedimented closed porch with transom and sidelights surrounding the door. The gabled roof has moderate return eaves and very small eaves overhang. The cornerboards are moderate with moulded trim and the windows are six over six. The cladding is clapboard. The shed dormer was added later.

Source: Town of Shelburne, Heritage file, no. 18, Shelburne, Nova Scotia.

Character-Defining Elements

Character-defining elements of the Courtney House include:

- two-and-a-half storey wood construction;
- form and massing of the building;
- central doorway in a five bay symmetrical front façade;
- pedimented closed porch with transom and sidelights surrounding the door;
- gable roof with moderate return eaves;
- moderate cornerboards with moulded trim;
- six over six windows;
- clapboard cladding.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Nova Scotia

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (NS)

Recognition Statute

Heritage Property Act

Recognition Type

Municipally Registered Property

Recognition Date

1989/06/16

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land
Settlement
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Current

Residence
Multiple Dwelling

Historic

Commerce / Commercial Services
Shop or Wholesale Establishment
Health and Research
Clinic
Residence
Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Town of Shelburne Office, Water Street, P.O. Box 670, Shelburne, NS, B0T 1W0.

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

51MNS0018

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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