Fort Norfolk National Historic Site of Canada
Links and documents
1814/01/01 to 1815/01/01
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Fort Norfolk National Historic Site of Canada is located at the entrance to Turkey Point Provincial Park golf course, bounded by the eastern edge of Old Hill Road, near Lake Erie. The site consists of mixed landscape features and foliage, and is surrounded by the vast lawns of the nearby golf course. There are no known extant remains of Fort Norfolk; however, since its designation the site has been the subject of several archival research projects. Official recognition refers to the polygon of land bounded by the eastern edge of Old Hill Road in Turkey Point, Ontario.
Fort Norfolk was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1925 because:
- it was the site of a British military and naval post between 1814 and 1815. [Minutes / Plaque Text, 1926]
In 1795, Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe selected the Turkey Point area for the construction of a fort and naval station. During the War of 1812, the area became of strategic interest to the British, who on the orders of General Henry Procter, built a blockhouse and a partial palisade on the slope above Turkey Point. From 1814 until 1815, Fort Norfolk served as a British military and naval post, but when hostilities ceased, the project was abandoned. By 1826, the fort was in such a state of decay that the naval and military developments were relocated northeast to the Grand River.
Sources: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, 1925; 1926; December 2009.
Key elements that contribute to the heritage character of the site include:
- its strategic location on a bluff bordered by two ravines just east of Old Hill Road, which descends to Turkey Point;
- its setting amongst the wooded landscape, surrounded by the lush rolling lawns;
- the integrity of any surviving or as yet unidentified archaeological resources associated with the War of 1812, which maybe found within the site in their original placement and extent, including trenches;
- the integrity of any surviving or as yet unidentified archaeological resources associated with British naval and military posts, which maybe found within the site in their original placement and extent, including remnants of a palisade and blockhouse.
- viewscapes from the site, south on Lake Erie.
Government of Canada
Historic Sites and Monuments Act
National Historic Site of Canada
1823/01/01 to 1823/01/01
1795/01/01 to 1795/01/01
Theme - Category and Type
- Governing Canada
- Military and Defence
Function - Category and Type
- Undetermined (archaeological site)
- Buried Site
- Military Defence Installation
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection