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St. James Anglican Church Registered Heritage Structure

Carbonear, Newfoundland and Labrador, A1Y, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2001/09/15

Exterior photo, rear facade of St. James Anglican Church, Carbonear; Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador, 2004
St. James Anglican Church, Carbonear
Exterior photo of the South facade of St. James Anglican Church, Carbonear, circa 1999.; HFNL 2006
St. James Anglican Church, Carbonear
Interior photo of the sanctuary, St. James Anglican Church, Carbonear, Newfoundland, circa 1999.; HFNL 2006.
St. James Anglican Church, Carbonear

Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1860/01/01 to 1864/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2004/12/20

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Built in 1860 during the episcopacy of Bishop Edward Feild, St. James Anglican Church is a two storey wooden church designed in the Gothic Revival style. Located on a hill overlooking the town of Carbonear, St. James Anglican Church has been an important landmark in the community for almost 150 years. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

St. James Anglican Church is designated as a Registered Heritage Structure due to its architectural value, historic associations and cultural value.

St. James Church provides an excellent example of the Gothic Revival style as adapted in small churches in Newfoundland and Labrador. This church represents a simplified version of Gothic Revival and elements such as the exposed timber framing on the interior of the church embody the style of design inspired by Tractarian practices. Built by the people of Carbonear, this sturdy structure has withstood almost 150 years of exposure to the elements and is a testament to the quality of the local craftsmanship at the time.

St. James Anglican Church is an good example of a typical small High Anglican church built in rural Newfoundland during the Victorian period. In particular, the layout of the church is representative of this period. There is a bell tower with a steeple at the west end of the nave and an intricate high lancet arched roof on the interior of the church. Furthermore, there are Gothic stained glass windows throughout the church as well as elaborate tracery in a number of windows.

St. James Church is historically valuable because of its long standing role as the centre of the Anglican parish that serves Harbour Grace and Carbonear. Commissioned by Bishop Edward Feild in 1852, the church is an important reflection of Bishop Feild’s work to expand the Anglican community in Newfoundland and Labrador. Bishop Feild had an important influence on religious, political and educational life of Newfoundland and Labrador during his episcopacy. The introduction of the Gothic Revival style was the architectural expression of Bishop Feild’s Tractarian views. A rural High Anglican Church, St. James Church represents the efforts at High Anglicanism of Bishop Feild during his episcopacy

St. James Anglican Church is a focal point of the cultural landscape of Carbonear and can be seen from both land and sea.

Source: Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador, file# M-037-002 Carbonear- St. James Anglican Church.

Character-Defining Elements

All those interior and exterior features that are representative of the ecclesiastical Gothic Revival style of architecture, including:
-lancet windows, tracery, and stained glass;
-interior exposed timber ceiling;
-location and context of the church within the Carbonear landscape;
-bell tower;
-steep pitched gable roof of nave;
-use of narrow reveal wooden clapboard on the building exterior; and,
-building height, massing, dimensions and size.



Newfoundland and Labrador

Recognition Authority

Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador

Recognition Statute

Historic Resources Act

Recognition Type

Registered Heritage Structure

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Building Social and Community Life
Religious Institutions

Function - Category and Type



Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Religious Facility or Place of Worship

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador, 1 Springdale Street, St. John's, NL, A1C 5V5

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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