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Île du Pot à l'Eau-de-Vie Lighthouse

Saint-André-de-Kamouraska, Quebec, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2014/09/02

Aerial view of Île du Pot à l'Eau-de-Vie Lighthouse perched on a steep promontory dominating the superb protected natural landscape of the Îles de l’Estuaire National Wildlife Area; Agence Parcs Canada | Parks Canada Agency, Jacques Beardsell
Vue aérienne
General view of the lighthouse cylindrical tower, clad with painted metal panels, rising out of the wooden square building; Agence Parcs Canada | Parks Canada Agency, Jean-François Bergeron.
Vue générale
No Image

Other Name(s)

Île du Pot à l'Eau-de-Vie Lighthouse
Île du Pot à l'Eau-de-Vie Lighthouse
Phare de l'île du Pot à l'Eau-de-Vie

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1857/01/01 to 1857/12/31

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2016/09/15

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Île du Pot à l’Eau-de-Vie heritage lighthouse was constructed in 1860-1861, on the southeastern tip of Île du Pot à l’Eau-de-Vie island, located in the St. Lawrence River estuary. It comprises a 30-foot high cylindrical tower which rises from the centre of the 30-foot-square lightkeeper’s residence. The exterior white clapboard walls of the lighthouse contrast sharply with the red pyramidal roof. Located eight kilometres offshore, the lighthouse is set in a picturesque setting and is only accessible through a series of footbridges and stairs.

Heritage Value

The Île du Pot à l’Eau-de-Vie heritage lighthouse is a heritage lighthouse because of its historical, architectural and community values.

Historical values
As part of a network of lighthouses, the Île du Pot à l’Eau-de-Vie heritage lighthouse, with its strategic location in the middle of the St. Lawrence River, made a significant contribution to enhancing navigation safety and supported increased vessel traffic on the river.With the help of this network, the waterway would continue to serve as a major artery for economic development in Canada during the 19th and 20th centuries. The Île du Pot à l’Eau-de-Vie lighthouse is the last combined lighthouse and dwelling still standing on a St. Lawrence River island.
By improving navigation safety for shipping and for resource development along the St. Lawrence, the Île du Pot à l’Eau-de-Vie lighthouse supported the modernization and diversification of the local and regional economies. The lighthouse has also been a tourist destination since the early 20th century, a vocation that it still serves thanks to the ecotourism activities that have developed since 1989.

Architectural values
The Île du Pot à l’Eau-de-Vie heritage lighthouse is an excellent example of a combined light tower and keeper’s residence. It was particularly successful at harmoniously and simply combining the dual roles of the tower and residence. Its unique design and its interesting composition are accentuated by its location on a steep rocky promontory. With its cylindrical tower rising from a red metal roof, its lantern and its copper cupola which is painted red, its visual quality is outstanding.
The quality of the original building materials, workmanship and maintenance as well as restoration work undertaken in 1989, are excellent. Combined, they have allowed this rare, picturesque lighthouse to survive remarkably well over the past 150 years, in spite of its exposure to the elements in the middle of the St. Lawrence River.

Community values The Île du Pot à l’Eau-de-Vie heritage lighthouse, perched on a steep promontory, dominates the superb protected natural landscape of the Îles de l’Estuaire National Wildlife Area. Though it is located far off the mainland, the lighthouse establishes the area’s maritime character due to its strategic and highly visible location from the river.
The lighthouse is highly valued by the communities of Saint André de Kamouraska and Rivière du Loup, as the site is closely tied to the geographic and social history of the region. It is a major symbol of local tourism owing to its architecture, its unique design and its current role as a bed and breakfast. The island is also stop on the “Lighthouse Route”, a tourism initiative involving a number of lighthouses along the St. Lawrence River in Quebec.

Related buildings
No related buildings are included in the designation.

Character-Defining Elements

The following character-defining elements of the Île du Pot à l’Eau-de-Vie lighthouse should be respected:
— its intact, as-built structural form, height, profile, and proportions;
— the cylindrical tower, clad with painted metal panels, rising out of the wooden square building;
— the main building with its clapboard siding and red pyramidal metal roof;
— the multi-pane wood frame windows;
— the rectangular annex with its red metal gable roof;
— the annex building’s veranda resting on pillars;
— the wooden spiral staircase in the centre of the tower which leads to the lantern;
— the gallery surrounded by a cast-iron railing supported on cast-iron brackets covered with lead sheeting;
— the simple octagonal lantern made of steel, glass and copper;
— the cupola with its 16 copper panels painted red and topped by a weathervane in the shape of an arrow;
— the cedar plank floors and steps;
— the painted brick interior walls;
— the interior layout and volume;
— its stone foundation covered with tongue and groove wood boards;
— its traditional red and white exterior colour scheme consisting of white for the walls and red for the roofs; and,
— its visual prominence in relation to the water and the landscape.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Heritage Lighthouse Protection Act

Recognition Type

Heritage Lighthouse

Recognition Date

2014/09/02

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Developing Economies
Communications and Transportation

Function - Category and Type

Current

Commerce / Commercial Services
Hotel, Motel or Inn
Leisure
Historic or Interpretive Site

Historic

Transport-Water
Navigational Aid or Lighthouse

Architect / Designer

John Page

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Heritage Conservation and Commemoration Directorate Documentation Centre 3rd Floor, room 366 30 Victoria Street Gatineau, Quebec J8X 0B3

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

14734

Status

Published

Related Places

General view

Brandy Pot Island Lighthouse

Standing guard on a flat rock outcrop in the St. Lawrence estuary, the Brandy Pot Island Lighthouse is a one-storey clapboard structure and a defining feature on the island. The…

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