St. Joseph's Chapel
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, A1C, Canada
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
St. Joseph’s Chapel is a tiny wooden one-room school house located in Blackhead, on the outskirts of St. John’s. St. Joseph’s Chapel was built as a school in 1879 but soon had a dual-function as a school and church for the Roman Catholic community of Blackhead. Designation is confined to the footprint of the building.
St. Joseph’s Chapel is designated as a Registered Heritage Structure due to it architectural and historical values.
St. Joseph’s Chapel is historically valuable due to its contribution to the development of the community of Blackhead. St. Joseph’s Chapel played a pivotal role in the social and cultural development during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. St. Joseph’s Chapel was built as a school in 1879, but soon after it also began to be used as a church when the adjacent stone church fell into disrepair. The Chapel served as a school from 1879 until 1965 and during this time it served as the platform for the education and cultural advancement of the community. As a church, the Chapel served as the religious centre of the Roman Catholic community in Blackhead. St. Joseph’s Chapel is valuable for its role as a centre of the community, the building was used for church and school as well as concerts and music lessons while the grounds were used to host garden parties.
St. Joseph’s Chapel is architecturally valuable as a rare example of a small wooden schoolhouse in such close proximity to St. John’s. The simple design of the chapel speaks to a particular time and place. Blackhead was a tiny fishing community and St. Joseph’s Chapel was designed in a utilitarian manner. This plain, wooden, square one-room school with a steeply pitched gable roof stands as a testament to a more simple way of life, common in rural Newfoundland during this period.
Source: Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador unnumbered property designation file, 1 Springdale Street, St. John's, NL, A1C 5V5
All those features that relate to the vernacular design of the building as a small outport chapel/schoolhouse, including:
-square floor plan;
-steep gable roof;
-window style and placement;
-narrow clapboard sheathing;
-door and window trim;
-returned eaves on porch; and,
-building size, massing, dimensions and height.
Newfoundland and Labrador
Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador
Historic Resources Act
Registered Heritage Structure
Theme - Category and Type
- Building Social and Community Life
- Education and Social Well-Being
Function - Category and Type
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador, 1 Springdale Street, St. John's, NL, A1C 5V5
Cross-Reference to Collection