William and Cecilia O'Neill Property
Conche, Newfoundland and Labrador, A0K, Canada
Links and documents
1907/01/01 to 1909/01/01
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The O’Neill Property is a vertical studded, one and a half storey house clustered near a fisheries store and stable. The buildings are located at 189 Harbour Drive in Conche. The designation is confined to the footprint of the house, the stable and the shed.
The O’Neill Property has been designated a Registered Heritage Structure because it has historical, cultural and environmental values.
The O’Neill Property is historically valuable because it is associated with the history of this part of the French Treaty Shore, from occupation by French migratory fishers to the arrival of the Irish settlers. The community was established as a French migratory fishing station after the 17th century. It was a major site of the French Shore fishing activities until 1904, when the French relinquished their treaty rights. Just prior to this the settlement of Irish immigrants was prevalent in Conche. The O’Neill family have direct Irish links and Henry O’Neill, the house builder’s grandfather, was Irish-born. His marriage to a Casey daughter gained him what became the O’Neill Property and the nearby Casey Store is another designated heritage structure.
The O’Neill Property has cultural value because the house is one of the only remaining older buildings in Conche which still retains its associated outbuildings, namely a stable and store. The property is a rare example of the typical late 19th and early 20th century Irish-Newfoundland family residence in Conche, a long standing and major centre of the French migratory fishery. The integration of work and family life are evident in the layout of the buildings and the uses to which they were put.
The O’Neill Property has environmental value because it is located directly on the edge of the ocean. It abuts the salt water in a sheltered cove, on fairly level land. It is bounded roughly by natural features of the landscape and is a testament to the rigors and harsh conditions early settlers would have lived in. Traditional footpaths are still evident on the site and the use of natural features, such as the nearby brook and well, are visible and still being used.
Source: Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador, unnumbered property designation file, Conche - William and Cecilia O'Neill Property
All those features which reflect the setting and simple vernacular design of the house and associated outbuildings, including:
-use of traditional materials;
-wooden doors and simple trim;
-wooden windows and simple trim;
-existing roof styles and pitches;
-building heights, massing, and dimensions;
-use of red ochre colour on the outbuildings;
-relationship to each other and proximity to the water; and,
-viewscape and visibility of the structures from the water.
Newfoundland and Labrador
Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador
Historic Resources Act
Registered Heritage Structure
Theme - Category and Type
- Peopling the Land
Function - Category and Type
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador, 1 Springdale Street, St. John's, NL
Cross-Reference to Collection