Hawthorne Cottage National Historic Site of Canada
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Hawthorne Cottage National Historic Site of Canada is a picturesque, one-and-a-half storey wooden cottage with a wrap-around verandah. Set in the middle of a wooded lot in Brigus, Newfoundland, the house is noted both for its architectural style and as the former home of Bob Bartlett, captain of several notable Arctic expeditions in the early 20th century. The site was donated to the Canadian people in 1987 and is now maintained by Parks Canada as a historic house museum. The designation refers to the house, some contents, and the landscaped lot.
Hawthorne Cottage was designated a national historic site of Canada because:
- this cottage, in the Picturesque mode, provides a good example of a gentleman’s modest suburban residence in 1830s eastern British North America;
- It was the Brigus home of Captain Bob Bartlett, captain on a number of Arctic expeditions; and
- the interior furnishings are of particular value.
The heritage value of the site resides in its association with Captain Bob Bartlett and in its picturesque architecture. Built in 1830 for merchant John Leamon on his country estate, Cochranedale, the house was moved overland some ten kilometers to a lot in Brigus during the winter of 1833-1834. Between 1885 and 1946, it was the Brigus home of Robert Abram (Bob) Bartlett (1875-1946), designated a person of national historic significance because of his role in several Arctic expeditions. The house was acquired by Parks Canada in 1987, restored and opened to the public in 1995.
Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, June 1978; Fall 2003.
Key elements of this site include:
- the features of the lot which support the Picturesque qualities of the site, including its generous size, the informal layout with evidence of the original open lawn and plantings of both an ornamental and functional nature such as flower and vegetable gardens;
- surviving original vegetation, particularly the hawthorne trees;
- evidence of an originally enclosed lot such the fence;
- archaeological evidence of former working elements such as a well house, barn, chicken run, dairy/ice house and privies;
- the placement of the house in the middle of the lot;
- the Picturesque qualities of the house as a cottage orné, including the square massing under a shallow hipped roof with dormer windows, its wooden construction and clapboard cladding, its symmetrically organized facade with central entry, its deep verandah on three sides with bellcast roof and decorative wooden fretwork, and its generous bay and French windows;
- evidence of the original interior centre-hall layout and finishes;
- the house furnishings associated with its 19th- and 20th-century domestic use.
Government of Canada
Historic Sites and Monuments Act
National Historic Site of Canada
1885/01/01 to 1946/01/01
1987/01/01 to 1995/01/01
Theme - Category and Type
- Developing Economies
- Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
- Architecture and Design
Function - Category and Type
- Single Dwelling
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection
Hawthorne Cottage, also known as Hawthorne Cottage National Historic Site of Canada, is a rare example of the cottage orné Picturesque style, which flourished in Newfoundland at…