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Holy Trinity Anglican Church, Stanley Mission

Stanley Mission, Saskatchewan, S0J, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1981/08/26

View of the Church in its prominent setting in the northern boreal forest, as seen from the Churchill River.; Government of Saskatchewan, Calvin Fehr, 2004.
Side Elevation
Upward view of Church on its prominent "jutting out" point onto the Churchill River.; Government of Saskatchewan, Calvin Fehr, 2004.
Front and Side Elevation
View of nave and chancel.; Government of Saskatchewan, Calvin Fehr, 2004.
Interior view

Other Name(s)

Holy Trinity Anglican Church, Stanley Mission
Stanley Mission

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1854/01/01 to 1860/12/31

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/04/26

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Holy Trinity Church is a Provincial Historic Site and a Provincial Heritage Property situated prominently on the banks of the Churchill River in the northern community of Stanley Mission. The property features a grand cathedral with a tall central nave and elaborate spire built in a Gothic Revival style that was constructed between 1854 and 1860.

Heritage Value

The heritage value of Holy Trinity Anglican Church at Stanley Mission lies in its status as the oldest known, existing building in Saskatchewan. Constructed between 1854 and 1860 under the supervision of Reverend Robert Hunt, who founded the mission in 1850, the church was once the focal point of a vibrant missionary complex that included nearly 30 supporting buildings and a cemetery.

Heritage value also resides in the building's impressive architecture, which reflects the Gothic Revival style that was popular with the Anglican Church in England during the nineteenth century. Standing in sharp contrast to the typical small churches in western Canada, Holy Trinity's massing is only one of its unique features. The steeple and spire reach an impressive 23 metres (76 feet) and the walls are pierced by 37 Gothic-style arched windows, which together contain over one thousand pieces of stained glass. While the hardware, stained glass windows, and interior wood features were shipped from England, the local Cree constructed much of the building using hand-sawn lumber from the surrounding area. The post-and-beam construction, mud-and-stone infill walls, and fieldstone foundation reflect their use of construction methods that were native to the West.

Further heritage value lies in the long-standing and deeply-rooted relationship between Holy Trinity and the local First Nations community. Established by the Church Missionary Society of England, the purpose of the church and mission was to convert local residents, mainly First Nations peoples, to Christianity. Traditionally known by the local Cree as the "shooting up place" where hunters set out on their hunting trips, the church and mission grew quickly. It became a permanent settlement for many First Nations families over the years and has served their community continuously for over 150 years. Although the community has gradually shifted to the south side of the Churchill River, Holy Trinity Anglican Church continues to be of spiritual significance to the local people. With its commanding presence overlooking the Churchill River in the remote northern wilderness, Holy Trinity Church stands as a remarkable architectural achievement and a reminder of the once thriving mission.


Sources:

Province of Saskatchewan, Notice of Intention to Designate as Provincial Heritage Property under The Heritage Property Act, May 14, 1981.

Province of Saskatchewan, Order to Designate as Provincial Heritage Property under The Heritage Property Act, August 26, 1981.

Province of Saskatchewan, Order in Council 870/86, August 21, 1986.

Character-Defining Elements

The heritage value of Holy Trinity Church at Stanley Mission resides in the following character-defining elements:
-those elements that reflect the age of the building, such as the post-and-beam construction and the massive 203 mm x 203 mm (8 x 8) hand-hewn timbers;
-those elements that reflect its Gothic Revival style of architecture, such as its steeply-pitched roof, the steeple and spire, pointed-arch windows, stained glass, two-storey nave, and interior arches;
-those elements that illustrate its use as a place of worship, such as the deep, separate chancel, the tall nave, and the two single-storey aisles;
-those elements that speak to the relationship of the building to the place, including its location on a high point of land on the banks of the Churchill River.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Saskatchewan

Recognition Authority

Government of Saskatchewan

Recognition Statute

Heritage Property Act, s. 39(1)

Recognition Type

Provincial Heritage Property

Recognition Date

1981/08/26

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Building Social and Community Life
Religious Institutions

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Religious Facility or Place of Worship

Architect / Designer

Reverend Robert Hunt

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Department of Culture, Youth and Recreation Heritage Resources Branch 1919 Saskatchewan Drive Regina, SK File: PHP 502

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

PHP 502

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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