Buffalo Rubbing Stone Provincial Historic Site
Archaeological Site EiOj-15
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The Buffalo Rubbing Stone Provincial Historic Site is located approximately 30 km west of the Town of Kindersley in southwestern Saskatchewan. The half-hectare site features a large polished boulder sitting on a patch of native prairie, with a deep rut worn around the perimeter of the boulder.
The heritage value of the Buffalo Rubbing Stone Provincial Historic Site lies in its status as a memorial to the vast herds of bison that once roamed North America’s grasslands. The boulder’s polished surfaces and the encircling rut are the result of generations of bison rubbing against the rock to remove winter coats or alleviate the itch of insect bites. The rubbing stone is a tangible reminder of the animal that once dominated the prairie ecosystem, was the economic foundation of First Nations societies, and provided the meat and pemmican that were indispensable to the fur trade. Once numbered in the millions, the arrival of Europeans brought the bison to the edge of extinction. Recently, they have recovered somewhat as captive herds in parks and ranches, and are again becoming a significant economic resource.
There were once numerous rubbing stones scattered about the prairies. Most, however, were removed as the grasslands disappeared under the plough. Many of the rubbing stones that can still be found on the remaining vestiges of native prairie have been adopted by the bison's successor, domestic cattle.
Province of Saskatchewan, Order in Council 870/86, August 21, 1986.
The heritage value of the Buffalo Rubbing Stone Provincial Historic Site resides in the following character-defining elements:
-the boulder in its original location on a tract of native grassland;
-elements associated with use of the site by bison, including the boulder’s polished but otherwise unmarred surfaces, and the rut worn around the perimeter of the boulder.
Government of Saskatchewan
Parks Act, s. 7
Theme - Category and Type
- Developing Economies
- Hunting and Gathering
Function - Category and Type
- Nature Element
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
Heritage Conservation Branch,
Ministry of Parks, Culture and Sport,
3211 Albert Street,
Regina, Saskatchewan S4S 5W6
Cross-Reference to Collection