Building No. 25
Bâtiment no 25
Grange à vaches laitières
Links and documents
1902/01/01 to 1927/01/01
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The Dairy Barn at Bar U Ranch National Historic Site of Canada, otherwise known as Building No. 25, is a substantial single-storey utilitarian structure with high side-walls and a simple rectangular footprint. The medium-pitch gabled roof is clad in cedar shingles and has a cupola style ventilator mounted on the ridge. The exterior walls are sheathed with shiplap. The wooden doors, the cupola style ventilator on the roof, the small four-pane sash windows, and other openings are all practical functional features that support the dairy operation. The colour scheme of barn red walls and white trim follows the Prairies tradition. The Dairy Barn is located to the left of the bridge crossing Pekisko Creek, situated on a flat grassy area within the Bar U Ranch in the Alberta rangelands. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.
The Dairy Barn is a Classified Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values.
The Dairy Barn is one of the best examples of the national theme of the development of ranching in Alberta, and its importance in the development of Canada. The building is a component of the Bar U Ranch. The Dairy Barn is also associated with Patrick Burns, who purchased the Bar U Ranch in 1927 to add to his vast cattle empire. Burns who is recognized as the kingpin of the meat processing industry in western Canada during the mid-1920s, has been designated a person of national significance.
The building is a good example of early agricultural style construction at the Bar U Ranch and in the region. Its value lies in its functional design and form, simple massing, common construction details, exterior finish, interior layout and setting. The Dairy Barn’s design is conventional for the period, and constructed from commercially milled lumber products, incorporating common light balloon frame walls. The ground level features a through hall plan with cattle stalls arranged along both sides, whilst above, the interior has a large loft capacity.
The Dairy Barn is part of a cohesive complex of buildings arranged to great functional effect in an exceptional site and setting. The Dairy Barn contributes to the character of the Bar U Ranch.
Edward Mills, Historic Bar U Ranch Headquarters, Longview, Alberta. Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office Report 92-017; Dairy Barn (Building 25), Bar U Ranch, Longview, Alberta, Heritage Character Statement 92-017.
The character-defining elements of the Dairy Barn should be respected.
Its pioneer style and good quality materials and craftsmanship as manifested in:
- the light timber structural system;
- the gabled roof clad with milled cedar shingles;
- the exterior cladding of shiplap;
- the windows, main entrance and loft access in the façade;
- the central ventilation cupola;
- the red and white colour scheme.
The manner in which the building reinforces the character and setting of the Bar U Ranch.
Government of Canada
Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy
Classified Federal Heritage Building
Theme - Category and Type
Function - Category and Type
- Food Supply
- Barn, Stable or Other Animal Housing
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection
Bar U Ranch National Historic Site of Canada
Bar U Ranch National Historic Site of Canada comprises 148.43 hectares of rangeland that constitute the original headquarters site of an Alberta cattle ranch established in the…