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Pearson's House

Longview, Alberta, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1993/11/15

Corner view of the Pearson's House, showing the south and west façades, 1992.; Agence Parcs Canada / Parks Canada Agency, Mills, 1992.
Corner view
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Other Name(s)

Pearson's House
Building No. 22
Bâtimennt no 22
Foreman Pearson's House
Maison du contremaître Pearson

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1909/01/01 to 1920/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/06/22

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Pearson’s House on the Bar U Ranch, also known as Building No. 22, is a simple one-storey near-square cabin, covered with a T-shaped gable roof. A brick chimney projects from the centre of the roof. The rear slope of the west-side gable extends beyond the eaves to cover a rear porch. The house’s exterior walls are sheathed with narrow tapered siding. The building’s colour scheme, (barn red walls and white trim), continues a tradition across the Prairies and matches other buildings on the site. It is now the focal point of the original residential area. It is associated with George Lane a prominent Alberta cattleman who was hired as ranch foreman at Bar U in 1884, and who ran the ranch between 1902 and 1925. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

Pearson’s House is a Classified Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values.

Historical value:
This building is an excellent example of the national theme of ranching in Alberta, and its importance in the development of Canada. The structure is a component of the Bar U Ranch. Pearson’s House is linked to pre-1925 construction activity associated with the expansion of horse breeding activities at the Bar U. The ranch foreman was responsible for directing most of the ranch activity when the owner manager was away. This building therefore served an important role. It is one of two foreman’s residences on the site. The Pearson’s House is also associated with Patrick Burns, who purchased the Bar U Ranch in 1927 to add to his vast cattle empire. Burns who is recognised as the kingpin of the meat-processing industry in western Canada during the mid-1920s, has been designated a person of national significance.

Architectural value:
Pearson’s House is a very good example of the agricultural building type used at ranches on the Western Prairies. The building incorporates good quality materials and craftsmanship. It is distinguished by its functional design and form, simple massing, common construction details, exterior finish, and interior layout. The building is constructed entirely from commercially manufactured lumber.

Environmental value:
Pearson’s House was relocated in the late 1920s and is now the focal point of the original residential area located at the western end of the headquarters site. It is part of a cohesive complex of buildings arranged to great functional effect in an exceptional site and beautiful, natural setting. The Pearson’s House contributes to the character of the Bar U Ranch. This landmark value is reinforced by the designation of the Bar U Ranch as a national historic site of Canada.

Sources:
Edward Mills, Historic Bar U Ranch Headquarters, Longview, Alberta. Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office Report 92-017; Foreman Pearson’s House, (Building 22), Bar U Ranch, Longview, Alberta, Heritage Character Statement 92-017.

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements of Pearson’s House should be respected.

Its agricultural building type and good quality materials and craftsmanship as manifested in:
- the building’s simple and plain massing;
- the gabled roof, clad with cedar shingles;
- the brick chimney;
- the light timber structural system;
- the exterior cladding of narrow tapered siding;
- its simple detailing;
- the red and white colour scheme;

The manner in which the building reinforces the character and setting of the Bar U Ranch.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Classified Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date

1993/11/15

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type

Current

Residence
Single Dwelling

Historic

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

5650

Status

Published

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Bar U Ranch National Historic Site of Canada

Bar U Ranch National Historic Site of Canada comprises 148.43 hectares of rangeland that constitute the original headquarters site of an Alberta cattle ranch established in the…

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