Phare de Nottawasaga
Links and documents
1857/01/01 to 1858/01/01
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Situated on the north corner of an island in the Georgian Bay, the Lighttower at Nottawasaga Island is an 85-foot (26 metre) tapered, massive stone tower that ends in a slightly projecting cobelled gallery on which rests a twelve-sided cast iron lantern which is capped by a domed copper roof with a ball-pinnacle ventilator at its peak. The windows openings are placed regularly around the tower and the rough wall surface of the structure is white. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.
The Lighttower is a Classified Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values
As one of the six Imperial Towers built in the 1850’s, the Lighttower is a very good example of the establishment of safe navigation routes along the coastal waters of Lake Huron and Georgian Bay following the opening of the Bruce Peninsula for settlement. Its construction marked the beginning of Collingwood’s formative years as a major Georgian Bay port. The lighthouse is also associated with a number of dramatic rescue efforts by its lightkeepers, most notably George Collins’ role in saving passengers after the sinking of the supply steamer the Mary Ward in 1872.
As the sole intact structure on Nottawasaga Island, the Lighttower is an excellent example of functional design of a strong and stable structure that is aesthetically pleasing. Balancing the rugged and massive impression of the masonry construction with an elegant tapered form, it is characterized by its distinctive profile, the even coursing and rusticated surface of its masonry walls and the regular position and shape of its window and door openings.
As a tall and elegant structure, the Lighttower reinforces the picturesque coastal quality of its uninhibited island in its maritime setting. Its striking appearance on the north corner of the island adds greatly to the scenic quality of the immediate area. Located about two miles northeast of Collingwood, the Lighttower is a prominent landmark and beacon to mariners in the southern section of Georgian Bay.
Sources: Marilyn E. Armstrong-Reynolds, Nottawasaga Island Lighthouse, Nottawasaga Island, Collingwood, Ontario, Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office Building Report 98-019; Nottawasaga Island, Collingwood, Ontario, Heritage Character Statement 98-019.
The character-defining elements of the Lighttower should be respected.
Its highest quality functional design and aesthetic, materials and craftsmanship as manifested in:
-its tall, round, slightly tapered form, corbelled at the top to form a gallery and base for the lantern creating an immediately identifiable profile;
-its twelve-sided polygonal cast-iron lantern, which provides an important component of the structure and is capped by a dormer copper roof with a ball-pinnacle ventilator at its apex;
-the rusticated limestone exterior walls covered with a white coating and the regular coursing and rough texture of the masonry units displaying a high level of craftsmanship;
-its structural system employing heavy timber to provide lateral stability with inner and outer whites of cut masonry with rubble infill providing compressive strength;
-the regular position and shape of its window and door openings.
The manner in which the Lighttower reinforces the picturesque coastal quality of its maritime setting.
Government of Canada
Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy
Classified Federal Heritage Building
Theme - Category and Type
Function - Category and Type
- Navigational Aid or Lighthouse
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection