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VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station

27 McDougall Street, Alexandria, Ontario, K0C, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1994/06/01

General view of the VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station, showing a façade, 1993.; Heritage Research Associates Inc., Nancy Fairbairn, 1992.
General view
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Other Name(s)

VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station
Grand Trunk Railway Station
Gare du Grand Tronc
Canadian National Railways Station at Alexandria
Gare ferroviaire du Canadien National d'Alexandria

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1916/01/01 to 1917/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2008/03/11

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station at Alexandria is a one-and-a-half-storey, brick-clad, railway station built during the First World War. It is located at the north end of the town of Alexandria. The formal recognition is confined to the railway station building.

Heritage Value

The VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station at Alexandria represents the end of an era of growth and prosperity for Canadian railway companies. It reflects the Grand Trunk Railway’s (GTR) response to the need for adequate rail transportation during the First World War. The Alexandria station enabled the town to continue as a railway centre throughout the war.

The Alexandria railway station was one of a very small number of GTR stations built in Ontario during the First World War. Its simple design, brick construction and sparing use of scarce materials reflect wartime constraints.

The station retains its relationship with the railway tracks, and with surrounding industrial facilities, evident in the warehouse to the east and a grain elevator across the tracks.

Sources: Heritage Character Statement, VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station, Alexandria, Ontario, August 1994; Heritage Research Associates Inc., Railway Station Report 214, VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station, Alexandria, Ontario.

Character-Defining Elements

Character-defining elements of the VIA Rail/Canadian National Railways Station at Alexandria include:
- its design and materials reflective of wartime constraints, including: its simple form, minimal decorative details, sparing use of lumber and brick, solid-wall construction;
- its simple massing, consisting of a low, one-storey, rectangular block with a hipped, slightly bell-cast roof and a prominent, hipped, cross-dormer and a long, slightly narrower, hipped-roof east wing;
- the shallow jogs in the wall plane that are echoed in the line of the eaves;
- its features typical of early-20th-century railway stations, including a broad, hipped roof, a rectangular plan, wide overhanging eaves and a projecting operator’s bay;
- the projecting operator’s bay, centrally located on the track (north) side of the main block, rising above eave level, and terminating in a prominent, hipped-gable dormer;
- the projecting entrance bay, centrally located on the street (south) side of the main block, and matching the operator’s bay in configuration and detailing;
- the surviving original wood detailing, including decorative rafter ends under the eaves, narrow boarded soffits and prominent, paired brackets supporting the overhanging eaves of the hipped cross-dormers;
- the masonry detailing, including the Flemish, cross-bond brickwork of the walls, a diamond brick pattern and soldier-course border around the signboard in the track-side dormer and a strong horizontal soldier-course at window-sill height;
- the pattern of openings, consisting of symmetrically arranged groupings of multi-paned windows, transoms and glazed doors;
- the surviving original doors and window units;
- the remnants of its original interior plan, consisting of the passenger block with agent’s office and washrooms flanked by spacious waiting rooms and an east wing divided into two equal spaces for freight and express functions;
- the surviving original interior finishes, including, tongue-and-groove wood wainscot, plaster walls and ceilings and wood floors.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Heritage Railway Stations Protection Act

Recognition Type

Heritage Railway Station

Recognition Date

1994/06/01

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Developing Economies
Communications and Transportation
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Transport-Rail
Station or Other Rail Facility

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

2198

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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