Description of Historic Place
The Tower, located on a remote, rocky site, is a tall, tapered, cast-iron tower. With its cylindrical form painted in red, the Tower features a prominent lantern that has double rows of triangular glass panes. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.
The Tower is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, its architectural, and its environmental value.
The Tower is associated with the development of safe trans-Atlantic navigation, particularly in the development of safe navigation in Newfoundland. The Tower also illustrates the theme of growing industrialization throughout the second half of the nineteenth century and into the twentieth.
The Tower is a very good example of a standard, prefabricated lighthouse with good cast-iron construction technology. Favoured because of their inexpensive cost, ease of erection, low maintenance requirements and long-term durability, these structures reflect a desire to achieve a design that would withstand the rigours of the Newfoundland coast. The Tower is of particular interest because it was firstly built in brick, which did not stand up well to the rigours of the coast, and later encased in cast iron.
The Tower reinforces the character of its remote coastal setting and is a landmark for local fishermen and commercial vessels.
Joan Mattie, Six Cast Iron Lighthouses in Newfoundland: Ferryland Head, Double Island, Long Island, East End Long Island, Bull Head, Harbour Point,Federal Heritage Building Review Office Building Report 90-145, 91-031, 91-033, 91-034, 91-035; Lighthouse: Ferryland Head, Avalon Peninsula, Newfoundland, Heritage Character Statement, 90-145.
The character-defining elements of the Tower should be respected.
Its standard prefabricated cast-iron design, functional qualities and good construction, for example:
-the massing of the cast-iron tower that consists of a prominent base, cylindrical tapered shaft and elaborate lantern;
-the construction system, that shows a transition from reliance on brick construction to the application of prefabricated cast-iron construction, consisting of curved rectangular iron segments which are bolted together on the outside;
-the lantern with double rows of triangular glass panes, the handrail, and small loops protruding from the lantern cap;
-the colour scheme of red and white.
The manner in which the Tower reinforces the character of its remote coastal setting, and is a local landmark, as evidenced by:
-the overall form, massing and colour scheme of the tower, which is the dominant element in its isolated, but visible siting overlooking the ocean;
-the visual and functional relationship of the tower to the adjacent lightkeeper’s dwelling;
-the high visibility of the tower to passing sea going vessels.