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Jacob Tedford House

543 No. 1 Highway, Dayton, Nova Scotia, B5A, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1988/10/12

The rear elevation of the Jacob Tedford House, Dayton, Yarmouth County, NS, 2006.; Heritage Division, NS Dept. of Tourism, Culture & Heritage, 2006
Rear Elevation
The front elevation of the Jacob Tedford House, Dayton, Yarmouth County, NS, 2006.; Heritage Division, NS Dept. of Tourism, Culture & Heritage, 2006
Front Elevation
The Jacob Tedford House, Dayton, Yarmouth County, NS, 1902.; Courtesy of the current owners.
Jacob Tedford House in 1902

Other Name(s)

Jacob Tedford House
At the Sign of the Whale

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1792/01/01 to 1795/12/31

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2006/03/31

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Jacob Tedford House is a two storey Georgian style house, the original part of which was built between 1792 and 1795 for Jacob Tedford, a prominent shoemaker and tanner. It is located on the No. 1 Highway a few kilometres north of the town of Yarmouth in the community of Dayton. The heritage designation applies to the land and building.

Heritage Value

The Jacob Tedford House is a two storey Georgian style house valued for its historic associations with Jacob Tedford, a prominent shoemaker and with Israel Kelley Trask, a farmer and butcher. It is also valued for its Georgian architecture.

Jacob Tedford, a shoemaker and tanner, was a Loyalist from New York who first came to Shelburne, NS, with his widowed mother and four brothers and sisters before moving to Yarmouth around 1790. In the eighteenth century shoemakers were often prominent tradesmen in a predominantly agricultural society and this appears to be the case with Mr. Tedford. By the 1790s he was a prosperous man, as evidenced by tax rolls, and by 1809 he was one of the major shareholders in the township’s first marine insurance company.

With two brief exceptions, this property was owned by shoemakers until 1898, when it was purchased by Israel Kelley Trask, a prominent farmer and butcher. In connection with his farm he conducted a general wholesale meat business, and through that enterprise he became widely known throughout the western end of the province. Mr. Trask had been an only son with seven sisters. When he passed away in 1920 he left nine sons, seven of whom held prominent places in the Yarmouth business community.

The Georgian style of architecture of the Jacob Tedford House is typified by its symmetrical five bay façade, its medium pitched gable roof and its rectangular massing. The structural evidence in its construction suggests that the south side of the house was the original section and was built in the New England Colonial side hall plan. It was later enlarged by an addition on the north end, giving the house its present Georgian appearance, now a landmark site in Yarmouth County.

Source: Municipal Heritage Property files: the Jacob Tedford House; located at 400 Main Street, Yarmouth, NS

Character-Defining Elements

The character defining elements of the Jacob Tedford House include:

- location on No. 1 Highway north of Yarmouth;
- setback from road;
- residential buidling.

The character defining elements of the Georgian style of the Jacob Tedford House include:

- pegged mortise and tenon wood frame construction;
- two storeys;
- one storey back ell;
- medium pitched gable roof;
- symmetrical five bay façade;
- centred, recessed entrance with sidelights;
- large hood supported by decoratively carved brackets over front entrance;
- double hung sash windows with two-over-two glazing;
- shingle cladding.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Nova Scotia

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (NS)

Recognition Statute

Heritage Property Act

Recognition Type

Municipally Registered Property

Recognition Date

1988/10/12

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land
Settlement

Function - Category and Type

Current

Commerce / Commercial Services
Shop or Wholesale Establishment
Commerce / Commercial Services
Studio

Historic

Residence
Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Municipal Heritage Property files; Joint Heritage Office, 400 Main Street, Yarmouth, NS, B5A 1G2

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

54MNS2204

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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