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018 Gower Street Municipal Heritage Building

St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, A1C, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2006/04/25

Exterior view of the front facade of 018 Gower Street, St. John's.  Photo taken April 11, 2006; HFNL/ Deborah O'Rielly 2006.
018 Gower Street, St. John's
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Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2006/05/05

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

018 Gower Street is the western side of a semi-detached, Second Empire home located on Gower Street, one of downtown St. John’s oldest streets. This wooden house has original two storey bay windows and peaked dormers projecting from the Mansard roof. The designation is confined to the footprint of the semi-detached building.

Heritage Value

018 Gower Street is significant for its aesthetic and historic values.

018 Gower Street is aesthetically valuable as it is a fine example of a Second Empire row house style in downtown St. John’s. This architectural style, made popular in St. John’s by John T. Southcott after the devastating Great Fire of 1892, employs many features found on this house. Gower Street was in the direct path of this fire which destroyed much of the city, and the house signifies the renewal and rebirth of St. John’s after 1892, particularly as it relates to the merchant class style homes. Second Empire attributes include the Mansard roof which is pierced by peaked dormers, one with a double window, and one with a single window. The two-storey bay windows add dimension and depth through the use of stained glass, fascia boards and wooden shingles. The main door has two side lights and a transom while the open, covered porch has a steeply pitched pedimented roof. This house is sheathed in narrow wooden clapboard with wide corner boards and wide window mouldings and a moulded stringcourse runs under the eaves.

18 Gower Street is one part of a three part grouping of row houses similarly painted. This continuity of exterior colors, shapes and sizes add to the row house "look" of the properties. 18 Gower Street is neighbor to the attached houses, numbers 20 and 22 Gower Street, but not attached to them. It doesn't resemble it's own semi-attached house, 16 Gower Street in exterior paint colors, but the style of architecture is very similar.

018 Gower Street is valuable for its historic associations with William H. Whiteley (1834-1903). Whiteley was a fisherman, merchant, inventor and politician. Whiteley established an extensive fishing business at Bonne-Esperance, a small island of Quebec, and employed around 50 people in the cod, salmon, herring and seal business. He was also responsible for having invented the cod trap, a large box-like apparatus with netting and an opening into which the cod are directed by a long net extending to the shore. Whiteley’s invention became immensely successful and improved overall productivity of the cod fishery. Whiteley was a long term leasee of 018 Gower Street, and several members of his large family lived in this and the surrounding duplexes for many years. George Whiteley was the occupier of 018 Gower Street from circa 1906 to circa 1918 and remained part the estate of J. Whiteley until circa 1955.

Source: Designated at a regular meeting of the St. John's Municipal council held April 25, 2006, minutes SJMC2006-04-25/252R.

Character-Defining Elements

All those elements that define the 19th century Second Empire style of row housing, including:
-Mansard roof;
-peaked dormers;
-two storey bay windows with fascia boards;
-stained glass windows;
-moulded stringcourse below eavesline;
-narrow wooden clapboard and wooden shingles on bay windows;
-pedimented porticoes supported by narrow columns;
-side lights and transoms;
-wide window trim and cornerboards;
-1/1 windows;
-all window and door openings; and
-location, orientation, massing and dimensions.



Newfoundland and Labrador

Recognition Authority

City of St. John's

Recognition Statute

City of St. John's Development Regulations

Recognition Type

City of St. John's Heritage Building

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type


Commerce / Commercial Services
Hotel, Motel or Inn


Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador, 1 Springdale Street, PO Box 5171, St. John's, NL, A1C 5V5

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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