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Shano/Le Shane Property Registered Heritage Structure

Lower Island Cove, Newfoundland and Labrador, A0A, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2006/12/01

View of front and side facades and surrounding land.  Note the root cellar located behind the house, noted by the mound and small wooden door.  Photo taken 2006.; HFNL/ 2006
Shano/ Le Shane Property, Lower Island Cove, NL.
Well house located over the shallow, hand-dug well for the Shano/ Le Shane Property. Photo taken 2006.; HFNL/ 2006
Shano/ Le Shane Property, Lower Island Cove, NL.
View of the shed.  Note the two doors which indicate two rooms and the small extension on the left is an outhouse.  Photo taken 2006.; HFNL/ 2006
Shano/ Le Shane Property, Lower Island Cove, NL.

Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2006/12/06

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Shano / Le Shane Property Registered Heritage Structure is the site of a late 19th century outport estate situated on Burnt Woods Road in Lower Island Cove, Conception Bay North, Newfoundland.. The property consists of a steep gable roofed, wooden house, a root cellar, a small wooden well house and a wooden shed with attached outhouse. All buildings reside on a large piece of coastline property comprised of green space and trees. The designation takes in the property in its entirety.

Heritage Value

The Shano / Le Shane Property has been designated a Registered Heritage Structure because it has aesthetic, historic, and environmental values.

The Shano/ Le Shane Property achieves aesthetic value in its completeness as a 19th century outport estate, for its presence of original materials and for its vernacular outport architectural style. The house survives in its original form, stye and location. Constructed of wood this traditional biscuit-box house (plain square, two-storey) has a steep gable roof with wooden shingles and chimney extended above the ridge. The wooden 2/2 windows have plain flat mouldings with lintels and small sills. The panelled main door is inset in the plain, moulded door frame and is protected by a plank storm door because this is the ocean-facing side of the house. This house maintains its 1860 unadorned character which reflects the utilitarian nature of homes constructed along the coast by fishermen.

Several other structures are features of this property. The root cellar, located at the rear of the house is noted by a grassy mound and small wooden door. The well house, also situated at the rear of the house is a small shed-roofed structure with wooden clapboard, wide cornerboards and a plank door. It covers a shallow, hand dug well. A long rectangular shed is also located on this property. It has two entrances with two separate rooms inside, as well as an attached outhouse at one gable end. This shed has a shallow pitch gable roof and is sheathed in wooden clapboard, the outhouse is a shed-roofed extension. Two plank doors are located on one side and the windows are small, wooden and square.

The Shano/ Le Shane Property has historic value due to its age and associations with the Shano/ Le Shane family. The property is thought to have been built around 1860 though the Shano/ Le Shane family are recorded in early plantation records in 1796. The earliest known member of this family was a Philip H. Shano, of French origins, who set up fishing rooms in the area and settled the land. The family name has been altered over time and became Le Shano and eventually Le Shane. The house was built by John Shano, a descendant of Philip, though more recent members of that family go by the name Le Shane. The property on Burnt Woods Road is typical of its time for a fishing family. This type of simple, wooden 19th century architecture within its wild, undeveloped setting is reminiscent of an outport culture that, today, is rapidly disappearing from Newfoundland’s coastlines.

The Shano/ Le Shane Property, with its collection of buildings and landscape features, is environmentally valuable due to its setting on a coastal landscape. The property sits on a high point of land and overlooks the Atlantic Ocean, a testament to its earlier use as a homestead for a fishing family. It is surrounded by green space and forest, on a large, undeveloped piece of land enveloped by wild grasses and other foliage. The cliffs are high in this area, and the ocean lies quite far down from the house, allowing early inhabitants to watch for their fishermen who were on the water. The panoramic siting also helped to determine weather conditions, which was a vital element for early fishermen and their families.

Source - Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador, Meeting 58, December 2, 2006.

Character-Defining Elements

All those original elements that pertain to the vernacular outport architecture of the house, including:
-biscuit box style (plain square, two storey);
-steep gable roof;
-chimney extending from the roof ridge;
-narrow wooden clapboard with wide cornerboards;
-plain trims and mouldings;
-2/2 wooden windows;
-inset front door and plank storm door; and
-size, dimensions and orientation towards the ocean.

Those elements that pertain to the outbuildings, including:
-grassy mound and small wooden door of root cellar;
-wooden shed-roofed well house with narrow clapboard; and
-wooden, two room shed, including:
-narrow clapboard;
-low gable roof;
-two-room construction;
-two wooden doors;
-small, square wooden windows; and
-attached, shed-roofed outhouse.

All those elements that help to preserve the environmental features of the area, including:
-open, undeveloped space in its natural setting; and
-wild grasses and trees of surrounding land.



Newfoundland and Labrador

Recognition Authority

Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador

Recognition Statute

Historic Resources Act

Recognition Type

Registered Heritage Structure

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type




Architect / Designer

John Shano



Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador, 1 Springdale Street, PO Box 5171, St. John's, NL, A1C 5V5

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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