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1916 City Hall Façade

20 Mountain Road, Moncton , New Brunswick, E1C, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2005/03/21

1916 City Hall Façade - today, it serves as the entrance to the Moncton Museum - 2005; Moncton Museum
1916 City Hall Façade - 2005
Moncton City Hall and Market Building, completed in 1916.; Moncton Museum
Old City Hall - Main St. - 1916
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Other Name(s)

Moncton Museum
1916 City Hall Façade
Musée de Moncton
City Hall and Market Building
Édifice de l'hôtel de ville et du marché

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1915/01/01 to 1916/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2007/02/07

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

1916 City Hall Façade consists of a neoclassical two-storey Doric pillar and pilaster sandstone façade with a large pediment located at the entrance of the Moncton Museum on Mountain Road in Moncton.

Heritage Value

1916 City Hall Façade is designated a Local Historic Place for being a good and rare example of large-scale neoclassical design in Moncton.

When architect Albert Sincennes and contractor Tilman D. Leblanc erected the City Hall and Market building in 1915-1916 to replace the one destroyed by fire on February 25, 1914, the result was one of the most architecturally striking buildings in Moncton’s history. The large neoclassical Doric pillars and pediment served as a narrowly protruding portico for the immense building which measured 49 meters long by 18.5 meters wide and included an opera house and city market. The sandstone from Smith Quarries in Amherst, Nova Scotia was evaluated at the time as the best in the country. The façade was often adorned for special occasions, such as coronations, royal visits and sports and military parades. The large rectangular facility in pink sandstone stood on the south side of Main Street until it was deemed to small for Moncton’s growing needs in 1969. When dismantled, the façade was kept for innovative local architect Jacques Roy with the intent of using it for the façade of the proposed Moncton Museum. The museum, including the historic façade reassembly, was completed in 1973.

Source: Moncton Museum, Moncton, New Brunswick - second floor files – “20 Mountain Road – City Hall Façade”

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements that describe 1916 City Hall Façade location and context include:
- continued use as a façade of a civic building.

The character-defining elements that describe the exterior elements of 1916 City Hall Façade include:
- rusticated pink sandstone ashlar masonry;
- block modillions under moulded cornice and pediment;
- moulded architrave;
- 2-story Doric pillars;
- 2-story Doric engaged pilasters;
- ancone brackets under windows;
- ancone keystone on moulded Roman arch entrance;
- blind Roman arch transom over door;
- wide frieze with haut-relief inscription: “1916 – CITY HALL – 1916” with pillars and pediment forming shallow portico.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

New Brunswick

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (NB)

Recognition Statute

Community Planning Act

Recognition Type

Local Register

Recognition Date

2005/03/21

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1914/01/01 to 1914/01/01
1969/01/01 to 1969/01/01
1973/01/01 to 1973/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Governing Canada
Government and Institutions
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Current

Leisure
Museum
Community
Commemorative Monument

Historic

Commerce / Commercial Services
Market
Government
Town or City Hall

Architect / Designer

Albert Sincennes

Builder

Tilman D. LeBlanc

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Moncton Museum - second floor - Historic Places files

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

324

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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