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St. George Gorge at First Falls

Adjacent to 24 Mill Road, St George, New Brunswick, E5C, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2006/06/30

St. George Gorge at First Falls - Early spring; Norma Stewart
St. George Gorge at First Falls
Looking at the Gorge from the lower bridge to the falls; Norma Stewart
St. George Gorge at First Falls
The Old Pine Tree is apparent in the upper portion of this photograph; Norma Stewart
St. George Gorge at First Falls

Other Name(s)

St. George Gorge at First Falls
The Gorge
La gorge
St. George Falls
Chute St. George
Rainbow Falls
Chute Rainbow

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2007/02/21

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

St. George Gorge at First Falls is located in the centre of St. George, encompassed by Brunswick Street, South Street and the Mill Road. Fresh water from Magaguadavic River falls 21 metres into a gorge that empties into a tidal basin. The west bank is occupied by an electricity generating plant. There is a dam at the top of the falls. This designation also includes the Old Pine Tree.

Heritage Value

St. George Gorge at First Falls is designated a Local Historic Place for its impact on the development and economy of the Town of St. George.

The impact of this natural element is evident in the number of industries that have taken advantage of its force and convenient position near the centre of town. Since 1784, the hydro power from St. George Gorge at First Falls has powered industries such as shipbuilding, lumbering and saw mills, granite works finishing sheds, a pulp mill, and an electrical power plant. The mill building in the St. George Gorge at First Falls is an original 1904 industrial structure built by St. George Pulp Mill. The first dam at the head of the gorge was built circa 1860's for lumbering purposes. It underwent modification in 1880's for the granite industry, in 1902 for a pulp mill, in 1954 for a pulp and paper fibre mill, and in 2004 for an electrical power generating plant.

An important natural element that overlooks the gorge is the Old Pine Tree. A second generation growth, the Old Pine is one of the oldest living trees in the province. It grew as the Town of St. George grew and is considered a sentinel and a landmark of the town. It's location, overlooking the St. George Gorge at First Falls, is also significant. This tree would have been a visual landmark for those attending the Presbyterian Kirk, built nearby in 1790. It would have also been a prominent landscape feature during the industrial development of the gorge.

Source: Charlotte County Archives, St. Andrews. St. George Register of Local Historic Places Collection, Site File #002

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements that describe St. George Gorge at First Falls relating to the development and economy of the Town of St. George include:
- strategic location at the centre of St. George;
- 21 metre high water falls;
- two one-and-a-half storey rectangular, gable roof, utilitarian mill buildings from 1904, designed to project over the water;
- dam located at the head of the falls;
- the Old Pine Tree.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

New Brunswick

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (NB)

Recognition Statute

Local Historic Places Program

Recognition Type

Municipal Register of Local Historic Places

Recognition Date

2006/06/30

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1784/01/01 to 1784/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land
People and the Environment
Developing Economies
Extraction and Production
Developing Economies
Technology and Engineering

Function - Category and Type

Current

Environment
Nature Element
Industry
Wood and/or Paper Manufacturing Facility

Historic

Industry
Power Generation Facility

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Charlotte County Archives, St. Andrew - St. George Register of Local Historic Places Collection, Site File #002

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

1154

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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