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Arden Mound and Camp Site

Lansdowne, Manitoba, R0E, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1948/05/11

Contextual view, from the north, of the landscape around the Whitemud River at the Arden Mound and Camp Site, Arden, 2006; Historic Resources Branch, Manitoba Culture, Heritage, Tourism and Sport, 2006
Contextual View
Contextual view, from the southeast, looking across the Campbell Beach Ridge at the Arden Mound and Camp Site, Arden, 2006; Historic Resources Branch, Manitoba Culture, Heritage, Tourism and Sport, 2006
Contextual View
Detail view, from the east, of the Campbell Beach Ridge at the Arden Mound and Camp Site, Arden, 2006; Historic Resources Branch, Manitoba Culture, Heritage, Tourism and Sport, 2006
Detail

Other Name(s)

Borden EbLt-3
Borden EbLt-3
Terrain de campement Arden
Arden Mound and Camp Site
Arden Camp Site

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2007/03/12

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Arden Mound and Camp Site consists of archaeological artifacts and features and a reconstructed mound in the village of Arden. The provincial designation applies to the quarter section of land in which the archaeological materials are located.

Heritage Value

The Arden Mound and Camp Site is a place where First Nations effigy mound-building is believed to have taken place, and also where archaeological materials from many pre-contact campsites are known to be situated. The Arden Mound is one of three recorded effigy mounds in what is now Manitoba. Such mounds, which were prominent throughout the upper Midwest of the United States from 2500 to 500 years ago, were used for communal burials and ceremonial purposes. The Arden Mound, which was thought to be in the shape of a beaver, was originally reported to be 18 metres (60 feet) in diameter and two metres (six feet) high, with an artificial ridge that extended northward. It was greatly disturbed around 1906 when excavated by an anthropologist who removed the burials of nine individuals. The recently reconstructed mound and nearby archaeological sites nonetheless still contain artifacts indicating approximately 8,000 years of human occupation in the area, which is defined by the confluence of the Whitemud River and Snake Creek and the ancient Campbell Beach Ridge (the former shoreline of glacial Lake Agassiz that runs north-south through much of Manitoba). At this notable site First Nations peoples exploited the elevated views from the ridge and the abundant water, game and berry-bearing trees and bushes. In the late 1940s, the community of Arden recognized the site's rich archaeological potential, and successfully petitioned the Province of Manitoba to protect it through heritage designation, making it and the Stott Site near Brandon the first examples of heritage site protection in the province.

Source: Minister in Charge of Libraries and Museums, May 11, 1948

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements that define the site character of the Arden Mound and Camp Site include:
- its location in Arden, and its situation near the Campbell Beach Ridge and at the confluence of the Whitemud River and Snake Creek

Key elements that define the physical characteristics of the Arden Mound and Camp Site include:
- the reconstructed effigy mound
- the elements that reflect pre-contact use of the site, such as any undisturbed cultural stratigraphy and archaeological resources, including artifacts, bone, hearths, stone constructions and other cultural features, etc.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Manitoba

Recognition Authority

Province of Manitoba

Recognition Statute

Manitoba Historic Resources Act

Recognition Type

Provincial Heritage Site

Recognition Date

1948/05/11

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1906/01/01 to 1906/12/31

Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land
Canada's Earliest Inhabitants
Peopling the Land
Settlement
Peopling the Land
People and the Environment

Function - Category and Type

Current

Leisure
Park

Historic

Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Mortuary Site, Cemetery or Enclosure
Community
Settlement

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Main Floor 213 Notre Dame Avenue Winnipeg MB R3B 1N3

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

P001

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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