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Church of Notre-Dame-de-la-Défense National Historic Site of Canada

6800 Henri-Julien Avenue, Montréal, Quebec, H2S, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2002/11/30

Corner view of the Church of Notre-Dame-de-la-Défense, c. 2000.; Parks Canada Agency/ Agence Parcs Canada, c.2000.
General view
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Other Name(s)

Church of Notre-Dame-de-la-Défense National Historic Site of Canada
Church of Notre-Dame-de-la-Défense
Église-Notre-Dame-de-la-Défense

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1918/01/01 to 1919/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2007/05/28

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Church of Notre-Dame-de-la-Defence National Historic Site of Canada is located in “Little Italy” in the northwest of Montreal where it is associated with the development of the Italian community. Constructed of stone on a Greek cross plan, the Romanesque Revival style church is finished in the Italian manner with an exterior featuring decorative brickwork and interior fresco decoration. Official recognition refers to the interior and exterior of the building on its footprint.

Heritage Value

The Church of Notre-Dame-de-la-Defence was designated a national historic site of Canada in 2002 because since its construction in 1918-1919, this church has been closely associated with Canada’s oldest Italian community, established in Montreal in the 1860s.

The building and its interior decorative program, executed in stages, is by artist Guido Nincheri who specifically designed the structure for an Italian Canadian parish. Recalling the Renaissance in Italy, walls and vaults are painted in true fresco. The vault of the apse, executed in 1927- 1933, displays bright colours and a rich iconography with numerous figures, many of which are portraits of contemporary Canadians and Italians. These features make the church a rare and eloquent expression of Canada’s Italian community.

Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, June 2002.

Character-Defining Elements

The key elements that contribute to the heritage character of this site include:
- its prominent location within “Little Italy” in northwest Montréal;
- its Greek cross massing set under gabled roofs;
- the construction of Caen stone faced with brick;
- the use of the Romanesque Revival style elaborated in the Italianate manner, as evident in the short arms with relatively monolithic gabled ends, decorative use of arcading, round-headed and rose windows, polychromatic brickwork, Lombard bands beneath the eaves, pilasters, the decoration of the three tympana above the entrances with high relief marble carving;
- the open, plastered interior based on a Greek cross plan with a high vaulted ceiling, the domed crossing supported by four large barrel vaults, the semi-circular half-domed apse, an arcaded galleries;
- the Italian Renaissance-influenced interior decorative scheme, notably the extensive frescoes in the apse, on the crossing vaults and dome, in their extent, materials and iconography and the interior decoration and furnishings designed by Nincheri, including the Carrara marble pulpit, the plaster medallions of the stations of the Via Crucis and Via Matris above the entrances, the wood confessionals, the elaborate reredos, polychromatic marble altar and altar rail, the side alters, and stained glass;
- the five oil paintings depicting saints by Arnaldo Marchetti, Nincheri’s paintings of Giuliana Falconieri and the Seven Holy founders of the Servite Order, and Guido Cassini’s four wood panels depicting the Virgin and saints, and the painted statue above the altar;
- the continued association with the Italian Canadian community.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

2002/11/30

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1924/01/01 to 1964/01/01
1962/01/01 to 1964/01/01
1955/01/01 to 1955/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Building Social and Community Life
Community Organizations
Building Social and Community Life
Religious Institutions
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Religious Facility or Place of Worship

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

10073

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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