Beaubears Island Shipbuilding National Historic Site of Canada
Beaubears Island Shipbuilding
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Beaubears Island Shipbuilding National Historic Site of Canada incorporates some 24 hectares (60 acres) on the southeastern (downstream) shore of Beaubears Island at the confluence of the Southwest and Northwest Miramichi River, and the adjacent south channel of the Miramichi River. The site includes the remains of an early 19th-century shipyard.
Beaubears Island Shipbuilding was designated a national historic site as an example of a shipbuilding site in the Province of New Brunswick that contained in situ archaeological resources.
The heritage value of Beaubears Island Shipbuilding lies in the setting and landscape which contains archaeological resources defining the former shipyard facilities. These are typical of a New Brunswick shipyard of the early and mid 19th century in an area representing the major concentration of such sites along the Miramichi, the second largest shipbuilding centre in New Brunswick.
Source: HSMBC Minutes, November 2001.
Key features contributing to the heritage value of this site include:
- the combination of natural and archaeological features associated with 19th-century shipbuilding in eastern Canada,
- the archaeological evidence of shipbuilding activities on the approximately 10 hectares (25 acres) of this site,
- the location of the Beaubears site near the mid-stream boundary of the south river channel (into which ships were launched and where repair and refitting work was carried out as typical of the Miramichi sites),
- the location on the south shore of Beaubears Island, near dense woods on the balance of the island (providing ready access to the materials required for shipbuilding),
- the morphology of the Island, 4.5-9 metres (15-30 feet) above the sea-level, sloping towards the river (providing terrain suitable for launching and repairing the small and medium sized vessels),
- the integrity, relative lack of disturbance and visible fabric of both cultural landscape forms and archaeological vestiges of the facilities and distribution of Russell's Beaubears facilities including a two-storey stone house, a well, a wood house, a coach house, outhouses and a kitchen garden), near the house site (a barn, retail and provisioning store, wharf and warehouse nearby; a salt store, a lumber yard, and a timber boom attached to the eastern tip of the island), at the shipyard on the mid point of the southern shore (five slipways, a blacksmith's shop, a joiner's shop, a moulding loft, a storage shed, sawpits, a steam box and boiler), and the support facilities adjacent to the shipyard (a foreman's house, seven workers' houses, a cookhouse, a kitchen and bedrooms and accommodation for 50 workers),
- the integrity and relative lack of recent disturbance of the surface of the cultural landscape as identified by vegetation patterns, changes and surface disturbances that indicate the boundaries of former human activity,
- the distinctive sense of place created by the undisturbed past resources in the cultural landscape, the undisturbed vegetation and similar qualities of the island, and its adjacent river channel.
Government of Canada
Historic Sites and Monuments Act
National Historic Site of Canada
1866/01/01 to 1890/01/01
1790/01/01 to 1838/01/01
Theme - Category and Type
- Developing Economies
- Extraction and Production
- Developing Economies
- Communications and Transportation
Function - Category and Type
- Crafts Production Facility
- Harbour Facility
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection