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Old Stone Church National Historic Site of Canada

1490 Road 15 (Simcoe Street), Beaverton, Ontario, L0K, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1991/06/10

The façade of Old Stone Church, showing the fieldstone and low-pitched roof, 2006.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, 2006.
Front elevation
Corner view of the Old Stone Church, showing parts of the cemetery and wall, 2006.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, 2006.
General view of the place
General view of Old Stone Church, showing its end-gable entrance with a central door flanked by two large multi-pane windows, 2006.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada.
General view

Other Name(s)

Old Stone Church National Historic Site of Canada
Old Stone Church
Vieille église en pierre

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1840/01/01 to 1853/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2007/07/23

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Old Stone Church National Historic Site of Canada is a small rural fieldstone church located on the outskirts of the town of Beaverton near Lake Simcoe, Ontario. Presbyterian in denomination, this simple building with gracious classical features stands on a wooded lot separated from a regional road by a stone wall. The church's burial ground, which has become the municipal cemetery for Beaverton, flanks it to the south and west. The designation refers to the church and its legal lot.

Heritage Value

Old Stone Church was designated a national historic site in 1991 because it is a particularly gracious example of the few early stone vernacular churches surviving in Canada.

Old Stone Church was built on a 100-acre lot in Thorah Township granted in 1835 to the Church of Scotland by the Legislature of Upper Canada. In 1840, the congregation contracted stonemason John Morrison to build a replacement for the first log church. Construction was completed in 1853. The church, known as St. Andrew's, has changed little since its construction. In 1991, the Beaverton Presbyterian Church undertook its restoration and currently uses it for special services and during the summer. The heritage value of Old Stone Church National Historic Site resides in the rare combination of its high degree of integrity and simple pioneer origins.

Sources: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, June and November 1991.

Character-Defining Elements

Key features contributing to the heritage value of this site include:
- the rectangular footprint and single-storey massing of the church under a low-pitched roof;
- its balanced fenestration on both end and side facades;
- its end-gable entrance with a central door flanked by two large multi-pane windows;
- its simple, classically inspired features including high round-headed windows and oculi on the gable ends;
- its local fieldstone wall materials, granite surrounds and wood detailing;
- its solid wall construction above a log foundation;
- its auditory hall design with side aisle and rear gallery;
- surviving original interior furnishings and fittings, their materials, minimalist design, craftsmanship and finishes, particularly its plasterwork, wide pine board tongue-and-groove wainscoting, plank floor, gallery, pulpit, and precentor's box;
- evidence of the use of early utilities including stoves, and early lighting;
- its road-side setting within a walled and wooded lot with flanking cemetery.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

1991/06/10

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Religious Facility or Place of Worship

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

John Morrison

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

343

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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