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All People's Sutherland Mission

119 Sutherland Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R2W, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2004/09/07

Primary elevations, from the southeast, of the  All People's Sutherland Mission, Winnipeg, 2007; Historic Resources Branch, Manitoba Culture, Heritage, Tourism and Sport, 2007
Primary Elevations
Contextual view, from the northeast, of the All People's Sutherland Mission, Winnipeg, 2007; Historic Resources Branch, Manitoba Culture, Heritage, Tourism and Sport, 2007
Contextual View
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Other Name(s)

All People's Sutherland Mission
Manitoba Indian Cultural Education Centre Inc.

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1908/01/01 to 1909/12/31

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2007/10/25

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The All People's Sutherland Mission, constructed in 1908-09, is a two-storey brick and stone structure in Winnipeg's Point Douglas neighbourhood. The City of Winnipeg designation applies to the building on its footprint.

Heritage Value

The All People's Sutherland Mission, an unpretentious multiple-purpose building, is significant as a pioneering social and cultural institution in Winnipeg known for its wide-ranging immigrant settlement services and its groundbreaking kindergarten classes, recreation activities, Sunday school and other programs for children. The Methodist-sponsored mission became especially prominent in 1907-13 under the superintendency of Rev. J.S. Woodsworth, an influential social reform cleric whose 'Christian humanitarianism' inspired innovations and advocacy aimed at improving social conditions for immigrants and the poor and encouraging more coordination among local charities. The mission's building, designed by J.H.G. Russell and strategically situated in the populous North End near the Canadian Pacific Railway Station and temporary government housing for immigrants, emphasizes economy, functionality and durability rather than ornamentation, including an interior intended to accommodate multiple uses efficiently and flexibly. Since the late 1970s, this facility has supported the work of another social initiative, the Manitoba Indian Cultural Education Centre Inc.

Source: City of Winnipeg Standing Policy Committee on Property and Development Minutes, September 7, 2004

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements that define the heritage character of the All People's Sutherland Mission site include:
- its landmark location at the convergence of Sutherland and Euclid avenues in a mixed-use area of Point Douglas, just north of Winnipeg's Canadian Pacific Railway Station and next to the Methodist Church's former settlement house, Sutherland Court

Key elements that define the mission's straightforward architecture include:
- the boxy rectangular massing formed by solid sand-lime brick walls, with a projecting bay on the main (east) facade, a high foundation of stone and a flat roof, all around an interior framework of steel I-beams
- the rectangular openings throughout, some featuring stone lug sills and bricked-in arched heads, some with radiating brick heads and brick keystones, etc.
- the details, including the modillioned cornice of galvanized iron painted to contrast with the walls, some decorative brickwork, a simple parapet, the bracketed canopy over the elevated entrance, etc.

Key elements that define the mission's interior character include:
- the formal plan composed of large open multi-purpose spaces mixed with smaller, more intimate ones, as well as a multi-level basement
- ceiling heights ranging from three to four metres, with a pressed tin ground-floor ceiling
- the intact details and finishes, including plank floors, a large wooden staircase, plain trim, etc.




Recognition Authority

City of Winnipeg

Recognition Statute

City of Winnipeg Act

Recognition Type

Winnipeg Landmark Heritage Structure

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1907/01/01 to 1913/12/31

Theme - Category and Type

Building Social and Community Life
Social Movements

Function - Category and Type




Religion, Ritual and Funeral

Architect / Designer

J.H.G. Russell



Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

15-30 Fort Street Winnipeg MB

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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