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King George Public School

400, Park Ave., Newmarket, Ontario, L3Y, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1986/10/20

King George Public School-2005; Heritage Newmarket
King George Public School
King George Public School-2005; Heritage Newmarket
King George Public School
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Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1912/01/01 to 1913/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2008/01/18

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Situated at the corner of Park and Victoria, King George Public School is Newmarket's oldest functioning elementary public school. This square brick building, with entrances on both street frontages, is built upon a limestone foundation, stands two-storeys in height and takes up the entire block.

It has been recognised for its heritage value by Newmarket By-law 1986-149.

Heritage Value

King George Public School, at 400 Park Avenue, is the oldest functioning public school building and is a well-preserved example of early 20th century public school architecture. It was constructed in 1912 to 1913 to accommodate an increase in pupils, replacing an earlier school on the same site. McIntosh, a local contractor, built the structure to plans and specifications developed by architect O. E. Trench. The school served the primary grades until 1983 when the school board decided to replace the old school building, believing it would cost more to renovate the structure. The building was designated in 1986 to prevent demolition, as it was the town's oldest functioning public school, as well as being a well-preserved example of early twentieth century public school architecture. The school continued to serve grades one through eight until 1993. Since then it has been used for various educational uses. In 2006, the old school building was used by Dr. John M. Dennison Secondary School in their Alternate Education Program, while the Ministry of Health occupied half of the basement.

This red brick, square, two-storey building rests on a limestone block foundation and contains entrance bays with concrete quoins and ornamental projections rising above its flat roof. The projecting two-storey entrances (one on Park Ave. and the other on Victoria St.) are sided in limestone to match the foundation, while decorative moulding and brick banding are incorporated at the top of the walls. Quoining is repeated along the corners of the building, but in simulated brick. Large windows, surmounted by concrete lintels, illuminate the six classrooms within this school.

Source: Newmarket By-law 1986-149.

Character-Defining Elements

Character defining elements that reflect the heritage value of King George Public School include its:
- continuous use as a public school in Newmarket
- square, two-storey design with entrance bays and large windows
- red brick exterior walls and limestone foundation and entranceways
- its moulding, brick banding and quoining, concrete lintels and ornamental projections as decorative features




Recognition Authority

Local Governments (ON)

Recognition Statute

Ontario Heritage Act

Recognition Type

Municipal Heritage Designation (Part IV)

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Building Social and Community Life
Education and Social Well-Being

Function - Category and Type


Primary or Secondary School


Architect / Designer

O. E. Trench


Mr. McIntosh

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Newmarket Historical Society 134 Main Street S. Newmarket, ON L3Y 3Y7 Heritage Newmarket C/O Town Clerk, Town of Newmarket Municipal Offices 395 Mulock Drive P.O. Box 328 STN Main Newmarket, ON L3Y 4X7

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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