Home / Accueil

Guard House

Battleford, Saskatchewan, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1990/03/29

Corner view of the Guard House at Fort Battleford, showing the gable roof covered in wood shingles, 2003.; Agence Parcs Canada / Parks Canada Agency, M. Fieguth, 2003.
Corner View
General view of the Guard House, showing the spacing of the door and window openings, the multi-paned windows and the steel bars over some of the windows, 1991.; Agence Parcs Canada / Parks Canada Agency, D. McArthur, 1991.
General view
Side view of the Guard House, emphasizing the balloon frame construction and exterior walls of clapboard, 2003.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, M. Fieguth, 2003.
Side view

Other Name(s)

Guard House
Fort Battleford NHSC

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1887/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2008/08/05

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Guard House is situated at the Fort Battleford National Historic Site of Canada, located on the outskirts of the town of Battleford. The simple timber building is a gable-roofed, balloon framed building. The two principal elevations have a doorway, a large window, and smaller, high set windows. Steel bars are placed across some of the windows. White-painted clapboard clads the building’s exterior. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Guard House is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values.

Historical Value:
The Guard House is one of the best examples of a building associated with the presence of the North-West Mounted Police on the Prairie frontier during the late 19th century and early 20th century. The Guard House reflects the paramilitary character of the force, as well as its role of law enforcement among the civilian population. The building is one of five structures within Fort Battleford National Historic Site of Canada, which was established by the federal government in 1951.

Architectural Value:
The Guard House, which is valued for its good aesthetic design, is typical of the balloon frame structures erected at Mounted Police posts in the North-West during the latter decades of the 19th century. The Guard House employs a basic form that was tailored to specific functions by altering the external dimensions and the arrangement of door and window openings. The Guard House represents one variation of the standardized model for Mounted Police guard houses, although it is the only one known to have survived. The structure exhibits very good functional design in its role as a lock up and guard room, and its present condition attests to its good materials.

Environmental Value:
The Guard House reinforces the historic character of Fort Battleford National Historic Site of Canada and is a familiar landmark to residents and to visitors.

Sources:
James de Jonge, Five Buildings, Fort Battleford National Historic Park, Battleford, Saskatchewan, Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office Building Report 89-010;Guard House, Fort Battleford National Historic Site of Canada, Battleford, Saskatchewan, Heritage Character Statement 89-010.

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements of the Guard House should be respected.

Its good aesthetics, very good functional design and good quality materials and craftsmanship, for example:
- the simple, single-storey massing of the rectangular building;
- the gable roof covered in wood shingles;
- the balloon frame construction and exterior walls of clapboard;
- the spacing of the door and window openings, the multi-paned windows and the steel bars over some of the windows.

The manner in which the Guard House reinforces the historic character of the fort and is a well-known local landmark, as evidenced by:
- its simple design and materials that harmonize with the other buildings within the historic fort setting;
- its role as an important component of the group of surviving structures from the Fort Battleford National Historic Site of Canada complex that makes it familiar to locals and visitors.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Recognized Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date

1990/03/29

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Defence
Military Support

Architect / Designer

Thomas Fuller, Chief Architect, Department of Public Works

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

3583

Status

Published

Related Places

General view

Fort Battleford National Historic Site of Canada

Fort Battleford is an early North West Mounted Police post located on the edge of the town of Battleford at the junction of the Battle and North Saskatchewan rivers. The…

Facade

Sick Horse Stable

The Sick Horse Stable is situated at the Fort Battleford National Historic Site of Canada, on the outskirts of the Town of Battleford.The rectangular, timber structure has a gable…

General view

Commanding Officer's Residence

The Commanding Officer’s Residence is prominently situated on the grounds of Fort Battleford National Historic Site of Canada, in Saskatchewan. It is a modestly scaled,…

SEARCH THE CANADIAN REGISTER

Advanced SearchAdvanced Search
Find Nearby PlacesFIND NEARBY PLACES PrintPRINT
Nearby Places