London Mechanics Institute Building
229, Dundas Street, London, City of, Ontario, N6A, Canada
Reconnu formellement en:
London Mechanics Institute Building
Scott's of London
229-231 Dundas Street
Liens et documents
Date(s) de construction
Inscrit au répertoire canadien:
Description du lieu patrimonial
The London Mechanics Institute Building is located at 229 to 231 Dundas Street, on the south side of Dundas Street, east of Clarence Street, in the downtown area, of the City of London. The four-storey white-brick library building was constructed in 1876.
The property was designated, by the City of London, in 1988, for its historical or architectural value or interest, under Part IV of the Ontario Heritage Act (By-law L.S.P. – 2982-79). The London Mechanics Institute Building is also protected by a municipal heritage easement agreement.
The scale and opulence of the London Mechanics Institute Building makes it an impressive landmark within the City's downtown area.
The Mechanics Institute originated as an idealistic enterprise in Great Britain in the late 18th century and found fertile ground in Upper Canada. Its goal was the technical and cultural enrichment of the working man. The London Mechanics Institute Building is associated with its namesake organization, the London Mechanics Institute. The London Mechanics Institute was originally established in 1841. The London Mechanics Institute Building, at 229-231 Dundas Street, was the third and final building it operated from. It was constructed in 1876 under a design prepared by Thomas Tracy of the London architecture firm of Robinson, Tracy and Fairbairne. Despite this worthwhile goal, the objectives of the London Mechanics Institute were not realized and it eventually faded out of existence and its educational functions were taken on by the public library system.
The London Mechanics Institute Building is a prominent example of the Second Empire architectural style as applied to commercial design. Characteristic of Second Empire architecture, the Institute exhibits a mansard roof atop the central tower and the fourth-storey, which also features ornately decorated dormer windows. Other decorative elements which typify this style include the brackets below the cornices on the façade, the pilasters which are terminated by capitals that frame the upper-stories and the extended window sills.
Source: City of London, By-law L.S.P. – 2982-79.
Character defining elements that contribute to the heritage value of the London Mechanics Institute Building include its:
- symmetrical design
- white-brick construction
- central tower
- mansard roof atop the tower and attic
- four dormer windows with end blocks which punctuate the fourth-storey
- cornices on façade
- brackets beneath cornices
- pilasters terminated by capitals on façade
- pediments with oversized keystones above the capitals
Autorité de reconnaissance
Administrations locales (Ont.)
Loi sur le patrimoine de l'Ontario
Type de reconnaissance
Désignation du patrimoine municipal (partie IV)
Date de reconnaissance
Données sur l'histoire
1988/01/01 à 1988/01/01
Thème - catégorie et type
- Exprimer la vie intellectuelle et culturelle
- L'architecture et l'aménagement
- Établir une vie sociale et communautaire
- L'éducation et le bien-être de la société
Catégorie de fonction / Type de fonction
- Commerce / Services commerciaux
- Bureau ou édifice à bureaux
Architecte / Concepteur
Thomas Tracy (Robinson, Tracy and Fairbairne)
Emplacement de la documentation
City of London
Planning and Development Department
300 Dufferin Avenue
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