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Walton Street Heritage Conservation District, Downtown Port Hope

Port Hope, Ontario, L1A, Canada

Reconnu formellement en: 1997/10/06

District Map; Town of Port Hope, 1997
Walton Street
Downtown Port Hope, looking east; Susan Schappert, 2007
Walton Street
Downtown Port Hope, looking west; Susan Schappert, 2007
Walton Street

Autre nom(s)

Walton Street Heritage Conservation District, Downtown Port Hope
Downtown Port Hope Heritage Conservation District

Liens et documents

Date(s) de construction

Inscrit au répertoire canadien: 2007/07/24

Énoncé d'importance

Description du lieu patrimonial

The Walton Street Heritage Conservation District is located in the core of downtown Port Hope's commercial area along Walton Street, between Pine Street to the west and Mill Street to the east. The main thoroughfare is lined with three and four-storey 19th century commercial buildings, broken by historic laneways running north and south. The Ganaraska River intersects with Walton Street at the eastern edge of the Heritage Conservation District.

The Walton Street Heritage Conservation District is recognized for its heritage value by the Town of Port Hope By-laws 44/97 and 45/97, passed on October 6th 1997.

Valeur patrimoniale

The Walton Street Heritage Conservation District is one of the best-preserved and most complete 19th century commercial streetscapes in Southern Ontario. Built primarily between 1845 and 1870 alongside the Ganaraska River, the Walton Street Heritage Conservation District developed during a period of significant growth and prosperity that saw the development of the harbour, Grand Trunk Railway and viaduct, and Midland rail lines and roundhouse constructed. The subsequent growth of local industry saw the commercial buildings along Walton Street develop into substantial brick three and four-storey blocks, often replacing the wood frame buildings which had been destroyed by fire or flood. The execution of this formal main street within a third of a century is particularly noteworthy.

The Walton Street Heritage Conservation District also retains a 19th century residential component, with a range of styles that includes modest frame cottages, brick mid-century terrace housing and Queen Anne. Located to the west of the commercial core, these residences complete the picture of 19th century life in an early urban centre, while providing a transitional mixed use for the current neighbourhood. At the west end of the Heritage Conservation District is St. Paul's Presbyterian Church, a significant landmark built late in the development of the downtown core in 1906.

The architectural value of the Walton Street Heritage Conservation District is illustrated in the various architectural styles of the Walton Street storefronts that have maintained a similar scale, site plan and compatible setbacks. The subtle variations of the Neo-Classical, Italianate and late Victorian styles exist in harmony due to their shared cornice lines, continuous fenestration patterns on the upper storeys, and balanced storefronts. The 19th century residences, with their variations in style and building materials contribute to the overall quality of this well-preserved community.

The Walton Street Heritage Conservation District lies at the mouth of the Ganaraska River on the shores of Lake Ontario. The early community harnessed the power of the river for industry, as the harbour provided a gateway to the shipping lanes of the Great Lakes. The village was situated on the Toronto-Kingston-Montreal land route, and subsequently became a hub for the railways. The substantial brick buildings on the commercial thoroughfare were constructed in co-ordinated block designs within a short period of time. The result was a continuous and harmonious stretch of commercial buildings transitioning into residences at the west. The side streets that emanate from Walton in T-junctions, as roads to the north and south, are staggered along the streetscape to avoid traffic congestions and provide continuity to the streetscape.

Source: The Walton Street Heritage Conservation District Study and Plan, By-laws 44/97 and 45/97.

Éléments caractéristiques

Character-defining elements that illustrate the heritage values include the:
- continuous stretches of three and four-storey brick building blocks on both sides of Walton Street
- similar scale, site plan and setbacks of the blocks
- shared cornice lines and fenestration pattern and storefronts within individual blocks
- location of the district in relation to the Ganaraska River and Lake Ontario
- continuous stretch of Walton Street, with side streets forming T-junctions
- subtle variations of the commercial architectural styles, such as: Neo-classical, Italianate, late Victorian
- various residential architectural styles
- various construction materials of the residential streetscape
- location of the residential area at the western end of the commercial core and leading up the hill to the landmark church




Autorité de reconnaissance

Administrations locales (Ont.)

Loi habilitante

Loi sur le patrimoine de l'Ontario

Type de reconnaissance

Arrondissement de conservation du patrimoine (partie V)

Date de reconnaissance


Données sur l'histoire

Date(s) importantes


Thème - catégorie et type

Économies en développement
Commerce et affaires
Exprimer la vie intellectuelle et culturelle
L'architecture et l'aménagement
Un territoire à peupler
Les établissements

Catégorie de fonction / Type de fonction


Commerce / Services commerciaux
Hôtel, motel ou auberge
Religion, rituel et funéraille
Centre religieux ou lieu de culte
Commerce / Services commerciaux
Établissement de restauration ou de débit de boissons
Commerce / Services commerciaux
Magasin ou commerce de vente au détail
Logement unifamilial
Commerce / Services commerciaux
Bureau ou édifice à bureaux
Édifice à logements multiples


Commerce / Services commerciaux
Banque ou bourse

Architecte / Concepteur




Informations supplémentaires

Emplacement de la documentation

Walton Street Heritage Conservation District By-laws 44/97 and 45/97 Heritage Port Hope Files, Port Hope Town Hall, 56 Queen Street, Port Hope Ganaraska Archives, Mill Street, Port Hope

Réfère à une collection

Identificateur féd./prov./terr.




Inscriptions associées



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