Howard Troop Residence
70 Orange Street, Saint John, New Brunswick, E2L, Canada
Howard Troop Residence
William B. Tennant Residence
Résidence William B. Tennant
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Howard Troop Residence is a three-storey brick Second Empire home with a three-storey bay, a mansard roof and a central entrance. It is located on Orange Street in the Orange Street Preservation Area of the City of Saint John.
Howard Troop Residence is designated a Local Historic Place for its architecture and for its association with Howard Troop and William B. Tennant.
The Howard Troop Residence is recognized for being one of a collection of residential Second Empire buildings that were built between 1877 and 1881 after two thirds of the City of Saint John were destroyed by fire in 1877. The brick architecture sent a message that the city would be more fire resistant in the future. The elements and the design of this building demonstrated the will of the citizens that the city was going to be rebuilt as well or better than the city that was lost. Built circa 1878, Howard Troop Residence is a good example of Second Empire residential architecture from the rebuilding period following the fire.
Howard Troop Residence is also recognized through its association with Howard Troop and William B. Tennant. Howard Troop was the son of Jacob Troop, one of the pioneers of the shipping trade in Saint John. Howard became a partner in Troop and Son and later became the manager. Troop and Son became one of the largest owners of sailing ships in the world.
William B. Tennant was a widely known businessman in Saint John. This was his winter home through the late 1910’s and the 1920’s as he spent his summers in Rothesay. He gave up the Methodist ministry at the age of 30 and attained prominence as a financial agent especially in the fields of insurance and real estate. He incorporated and owned the Anglo-Canadian Fire Agencies. He also organized the Maritime Lime Company and was its manager for several years. Ready’s Beverages Ltd., now known as the New Brunswick Breweries, was for a time owned by Mr. Tennant.
Source: Planning and Development Department - City of Saint John
The character defining elements that describe Howard Troop Residence include:
- building's height and width proportions;
- same set-back on the lot with the neighbouring buildings;
- brick exterior walls;
- mansard roof with three elaborate pedimented dormer windows;
- three-storey bay window on the east side of the front façade;
- cornice with oversized ornate brackets and dentils;
- ornate frieze;
- upper floor windows with sandstone sills and decorative entablatures;
- lower floor windows with sandstone sills, entablatures and decorative pediments with dentils;
- central entranceway with large sandstone entablature and decorative pediment;
- transom window over wooden door;
- large stained glass window on the east façade.
Local Governments (NB)
Municipal Heritage Preservation Act, s.5(1)
Municipal Heritage Preservation Act
Theme - Category and Type
- Developing Economies
- Trade and Commerce
- Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
- Architecture and Design
Function - Category and Type
- Multiple Dwelling
- Single Dwelling
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
Planning and Development Department - City of Saint John
Cross-Reference to Collection