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Merrickville, Ontario, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1992/04/30

Corner view of the Foundry, showing the exterior walls of rubblework, the placement of the simply detailed door and windows, with voussoirs and dressed stone sills, 1989.; Public Works and Government Services Canada / Travaux publics et Services gouvernementaux Canada, 1989.
Corner view
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Other Name(s)

Merrickville Lockstation Foundry

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/02/04

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Foundry is located on an island in the Rideau River, at Merrickville Lockstation of the Rideau Canal National Historic Site of Canada. The rectangular, one-and-a-half storey building has a gable roof and is constructed of rubblework. Solid and sturdy in appearance, the building has simple detailing with voussoirs and dressed stone sills at the openings. The gabled façade has regular, symmetrically placed openings. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Foundry is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values.

Historical Value
The Foundry is a very good example of a building associated with the development of early Canadian industry, specifically iron manufacturing, and is associated with late-19th-century industrial development in Merrickville. The Foundry also has some significance because of its association with Henry Merrick (1837-1927), a local entrepreneur and politician, who redeveloped the local foundry business following his retirement from politics. It is currently used as an interpretive centre.

Architectural Value
The Foundry is valued for its good aesthetic design as seen in its utilitarian appearance reflected in the functional design similar to other industrial and milling buildings of the 1850s. Functional considerations determine the appearance, for example the symmetrical gable with upper loading doors. The functional open interior has allowed the adaptation of the interior into an interpretive centre. Good craftsmanship can be seen in the handling of the stonework and in the use of local stone and wood building materials.

Environmental Value
The Foundry reinforces the historic character of its park-like setting at the lockstation and is a familiar local landmark.

Sources: James De Jonge, Twenty Nine Buildings, Central Area, Rideau Canal, Ontario, Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office, Building Reports 91-072 to 91-081; Foundry, Lockstation Buildings, Merrickville, Ontario, Heritage Character Statement 91-078.

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements of the Foundry should be respected.

Its good aesthetic, functional design and quality materials and craftsmanship, for example:
- the simple compact, one-and-one-half storey massing;
- the gable roof, clad with wood shingle;
- the exterior walls of rubblework, the placement of the simply detailed door and windows, with voussoirs and dressed stone sills;
- the gabled façade with symmetrical openings, and the regular rhythm of window openings on the sides;
- the wooden, multi-paned double-hung windows and wood-plank doors;
- the simple open interior with exposed masonry walls, wood roof framing, and natural wood plank floors.

The manner in which the Foundry reinforces the historic character of its park-like setting at the Merrickville lockstation and is a familiar landmark, as evidenced by:
- its simple design, scale and masonry walls that contribute to the evocation of an early industrial landscape and complement its surrounding grounds;
- its dominant scale, and its role as an interpretation centre within the group of structures comprising the lockstation complex, that makes it familiar to local residents and visitors.




Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Recognized Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1981/01/01 to 1982/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type




Metal Products Manufacturing Facility

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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Aerial view of the canal

Rideau Canal National Historic Site of Canada

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