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George Weldon Residence

22 Queen Square South, Saint John, New Brunswick, E2L, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1982/03/18

This photograph shows the contextual view of the building, 2005; City of Saint John
George Weldon Residence - Contextual view
This photograph shows the entablature over the entrance, and illustrates the sandstone keystone, and segmented arch transom window, 2005; City of Saint John
George Weldon Residence - Entrance entablature
This photograph shows one of the flush gables that extend above the roof-line cornice, and illustrates the sandstone tracery that connects the lintels of the windows, 2005; City of Saint John
George Weldon Residence - Gable

Other Name(s)

James Pender Residence
Résidence James Pender
Talmadge Fenwick Residence
Résidence Talmadge Fenwick
George Weldon Residence

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/02/11

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The George Weldon Residence is a three-storey, brick, Neo-Gothic building with a central entrance and flush gables on the front façade. It is located on Queen Square South within the Trinity Royal Preservation Area of Saint John.

Heritage Value

The George Weldon Residence is designated a Local Historic Place for its architecture and for its association with its former occupants.

The George Weldon Residence is recognized for being one of nine residences on the south side of Queen Square that forms an interesting architectural and harmonious streetscape. Queen Square South displays possibly the best array of architectural styles in Saint John that remain intact with respect to their original condition. The block face of nine buildings displays Italianate, Second Empire, Queen Anne Revival, Neo-Gothic, Craftsman and Bungalow styles that have construction dates ranging from circa 1878 to 1916. The George Weldon Residence is a unique example of brick Neo-Gothic residential architecture from this period in Saint John.

The George Weldon Residence is also recognized for its association with George Cathwart Weldon. He entered the clothing manufacturing business of S. Hayward and Company in 1875. He had this residence built in 1890 and he remained in it until 1901. Upon Hayward's death in 1905, Weldon became the president of S. Hayward and Company, a position he held until he died in 1928.

The George Weldon Residence is also recognized for its association with James Pender and Talmage Fenwick. James Pender lived in this residence from 1902 until about 1917. James Pender and E. R. Moore began manufacturing cut nails in 1873. After the Great Saint John Fire of 1877, Pender started manufacturing horse nails on his own account. He used the Dodge Forging Machine. About 1890, an improved wire nail was developed and the James Pender Nail Company was organized for the manufacture of this improved nail. This nail was trade marked under the name "Bull Dog," and it totalled over 25% of the total Canadian business within the first year of its manufacture. In 1903, the James Pender Nail Company was turning out 15 tons of nails per day and employed nearly 100 men.

Talmadge S. Fenwick had the longest occupancy of this residence. He lived in it from about 1930 until the late 1970's. The Fenwick Cheese Stall that opened in Saint John's historic City Market in 1885 was formed by Talmadge's uncle, Wilfred Fenwick. In 1920, he took over the business, specializing in old cheese. Due to his love for Fenwick's cheese, Lord Beaverbrook had it shipped wherever he went. After nearly 100 years, T. S. Fenwick Ltd. left City Market in 1981.

Source: Planning and Development Department - City of Saint John

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements that describe the George Weldon Residence include:
- similar set-back with neighbouring buildings;
- three-storey rectangular massing;
- brick exterior walls;
- vertical sliding wood windows;
- flush gables that extend above the roof-line;
- corbel bands at the roof-line cornice;
- overall symmetry of the front façade;
- pilasters separating the bays;
- triple windows in the third storey;
- continuous sandstone label window headers.

The character defining elements that describe the central entranceway include:
- paired wooden doors;
- sandstone surrounds;
- segmented arch entranceway;
- segmented arch transom window;
- sandstone keystone;
- peaked pediment.



New Brunswick

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (NB)

Recognition Statute

Municipal Heritage Preservation Act, s.5(1)

Recognition Type

Municipal Heritage Preservation Act

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Developing Economies
Trade and Commerce
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design
Developing Economies
Extraction and Production

Function - Category and Type



Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Planning and Development Department - City of Saint John

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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