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Sir Samuel Leonard Tilley House

69 Front Street, Gagetown, New Brunswick, E5M, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1977/06/08

Illustrates the front verandah and the two dormers.; PNB 2003
Tilley House, front and side exterior view
Side view of the building, illustrating the four window openings of this side.; PNB 2003
Tilley House, side exterior view
Side view of the building illustrating the four window openings and addition.; PNB 2003
Tilley House, side exterior view

Other Name(s)

Sir Samuel Leonard Tilley House
Tilley House

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2004/04/15

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Tilley House consists of a one and a half storey house located on a one acre lot in the Village of Gagetown. It was the birthplace of Sir Samuel Leonard Tilley, New Brunswick statesman, politician and a Father of Confederation.

Heritage Value

Sir Samuel Leonard Tilley House was designated because it was the birthplace of Samuel Leonard Tilley (1818-1896). Samuel Leonard Tilley served in the Provincial Assembly and as Premier of New Brunswick from 1861 to 1865. He was one of the Fathers of Confederation. He subsequently served as a federal cabinet minister and was twice appointed Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick. Sir Samuel Leonard Tilley was knighted by Queen Victoria in 1879.

The Tilley House is also significant for its association with the United Empire Loyalists. It was erected by a Loyalist physician from New York in 1786. In the late eighteenth century, thousands of United Empire Loyalists, commonly known in Canadian history as the Loyalists, left the newly created United States to settle under the British flag in Nova Scotia and in the unsettled lands above the St. Lawrence rapids and north of Lake Ontario. One of the immediate consequences of this huge influx was the establishment, in 1784, of the separate British colony of New Brunswick that had, up until that point, been included in Nova Scotia.

Source: New Brunswick Culture and Sport Secretariat, Heritage Branch, Site File.

Character-Defining Elements

- prominent location on a knoll in the centre of the village;
- exterior including late nineteenth century veranda and front dormers;
- traditional cladding with uncommon beaded clapboard across the front of the building, early nineteenth century butt-nailed shingles on the north end, and clapboard finish from the nineteenth century on the rest of the house;
- interior features include the non traditional layout, unusually steep main staircase and wide upper hall;
- eighteenth century elements in the south end of the house include the restored cooking fireplace and the kitchen wainscot on the first floor, and the exposed ceiling with beaded board on the second floor;
- the restored parlour bedroom.



New Brunswick

Recognition Authority

Province of New Brunswick

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites Protection Act, s. 2(2)

Recognition Type

Historic Sites Protection Act – Protected

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1818/01/01 to 1896/01/01
1879/01/01 to 1879/01/01
1861/01/01 to 1865/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design
Governing Canada
Politics and Political Processes

Function - Category and Type




Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer




Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Heritage Branch - Site File 12, Tilley House

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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