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Trafalgar Lodge National Historic Site of Canada

3021 Trafalgar Avenue, Montréal, Quebec, H3Y, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1990/02/23

General view of Trafalgar Lodge, showing the polychromatic effect of the contrasting red brick and white stone trim.; Parcs Canada | Parks Canada
General view
View of the HSMBC plaque with Trafalgar Lodge in the background; Parcs Canada | Parks Canada
Plaque location
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Other Name(s)

Trafalgar Lodge National Historic Site of Canada
Trafalgar Lodge
Trafalgar Lodge

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/07/21

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Trafalgar Lodge National Historic Site of Canada is located on a treed corner lot in the historic Westmount area of Montréal, Québec. Built in the mid-19th century, Trafalgar Lodge is a picturesque one-and-a-half storey brick villa built in the Gothic Revival style. The low-lying house has a steeply pitched front-sloping gable roof with gables, dormers and decorative chimney pots. Official recognition consists of the house on its legal property at the time of designation in 1990.

Heritage Value

Trafalgar Lodge was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1990 because:
- it is a very fine example of a Gothic Revival-style house.

A rare example of a Gothic Revival villa in Québec, Trafalgar Lodge was designed by Toronto architect John Howard as a country estate for a prosperous businessman. The asymmetrical villa, with its red brick and white trim, has a bold profile made up of prominent gables, dormers and clustered chimneystacks. The house blends ecclesiastical and secular Gothic elements to create a unique version of the Gothic Revival style – the lancet window and rose window are ecclesiastical in design, while the label mouldings are more appropriate to the secular nature of the building. The strongly sculptural manner in which these details are executed makes them quite distinct.

Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, February, 1990.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements contributing to the heritage value of this site include:
- its location on a corner lot in the historic Westmount area of Montréal;
- its setting on wooded grounds;
- its one-and-a-half storey massing and asymmetrical horizontal orientation;
- the Gothic Revival-style exterior features, including the prominent gables, dormers and clustered chimney stacks, the variety of window types, including lancet and square headed, the decorative window surrounds and moulding, Tudor-arched openings, stained-glass, and the stone corner quoins;
- the varied roof and elevation planes;
- the polychromatic effect of the contrasting red brick and white stone trim;
- the picturesque features suggesting the integration of interior and exterior spaces, such as floor-to-ceiling casement windows on the ground floor and the arrangement of principal rooms along the south side of the house;
- the surviving interior detailing including quatrefoil and pointed arch window and door trim, wood paneling, and cast-iron fireplaces.




Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type



Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer

John G. Howard



Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Indigenous Affairs and Cultural Heritage Directorate Documentation Centre 3rd Floor, room 366 30 Victoria Street Gatineau, Québec J8X 0B3

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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