Trafalgar Lodge National Historic Site of Canada
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Trafalgar Lodge National Historic Site of Canada is located on a treed corner lot in the historic Westmount area of Montréal, Québec. Built in the mid-19th century, Trafalgar Lodge is a picturesque one-and-a-half storey brick villa built in the Gothic Revival style. The low-lying house has a steeply pitched front-sloping gable roof with gables, dormers and decorative chimney pots. Official recognition consists of the house on its legal property at the time of designation in 1990.
Trafalgar Lodge was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1990 because:
- it is a very fine example of a Gothic Revival-style house.
A rare example of a Gothic Revival villa in Québec, Trafalgar Lodge was designed by Toronto architect John Howard as a country estate for a prosperous businessman. The asymmetrical villa, with its red brick and white trim, has a bold profile made up of prominent gables, dormers and clustered chimneystacks. The house blends ecclesiastical and secular Gothic elements to create a unique version of the Gothic Revival style – the lancet window and rose window are ecclesiastical in design, while the label mouldings are more appropriate to the secular nature of the building. The strongly sculptural manner in which these details are executed makes them quite distinct.
Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, February, 1990.
Key elements contributing to the heritage value of this site include:
- its location on a corner lot in the historic Westmount area of Montréal;
- its setting on wooded grounds;
- its one-and-a-half storey massing and asymmetrical horizontal orientation;
- the Gothic Revival-style exterior features, including the prominent gables, dormers and clustered chimney stacks, the variety of window types, including lancet and square headed, the decorative window surrounds and moulding, Tudor-arched openings, stained-glass, and the stone corner quoins;
- the varied roof and elevation planes;
- the polychromatic effect of the contrasting red brick and white stone trim;
- the picturesque features suggesting the integration of interior and exterior spaces, such as floor-to-ceiling casement windows on the ground floor and the arrangement of principal rooms along the south side of the house;
- the surviving interior detailing including quatrefoil and pointed arch window and door trim, wood paneling, and cast-iron fireplaces.
Government of Canada
Historic Sites and Monuments Act
National Historic Site of Canada
Theme - Category and Type
- Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
- Architecture and Design
Function - Category and Type
- Single Dwelling
Architect / Designer
John G. Howard
Location of Supporting Documentation
Indigenous Affairs and Cultural Heritage Directorate Documentation Centre 3rd Floor, room 366 30 Victoria Street Gatineau, Québec J8X 0B3
Cross-Reference to Collection