Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The Augherton Residence is a wooden one-and-a-half storey, side-gabled vernacular Cape Cod residence located on Prince of Wales Street across from Fort Tipperary in the Town of St. Andrews. The residence was built circa 1821.
The Augherton Residence is designated a Local Historic Place for its architecture and for its association with Colonel James Boyd, Fort Tipperary and the Augherton family.
The Augherton Residence is recognized for its architecture. This simple vernacular, side gabled, residence is typical of the more modest Cape Cod-inspired homes built within the first 50 years after English settlement of St. Andrews in 1783. Its character is preserved by the continued use of shingle cladding, corner boards, and a central entry. Its profile, typical of these earlier homes, is created in part by eaves that are flush with the roof-line.
The Augherton Residence was built circa 1822 across the road from Fort Tipperary. The fort was built about 1815, just three years after the War of 1812. In 1821, James Boyd obtained this lot of land from the estate of the original grant owner. Local lore suggests that this home was used as an officer’s mess. Col. Boyd owned the home from 1822 to 1845 and he was involved in the local military, so it is reasonable to believe that Boyd had other officers come to his home for lodging and meals. Col. Boyd was a native of Halifax and came to St. Andrews about 1812 and became engaged in mercantile business. During the War of 1812, he was in the active militia, for which he was latterly in receipt of a government allowance. He was appointed Lieutenant Colonel of the First Battalion in which he took great pride. He was a Justice of the Peace and represented Charlotte County in the general assembly of the province.
The Augherton Residence is recognized for its association with the Augherton family who occupied the home for nearly 60 years from 1845 to 1903. George Augherton was a labourer and his son James, who later occupied the home, was a New Brunswick railway man and later a conductor on the Ferrocarril De Costa Rica that ran from the seaport of Port Limon to Guapiles.
Source: Charlotte County Archives - Old Gaol, St. Andrews, New Brunswick - St. Andrews Historic Places File "Augherton Residence"
The character defining elements of this vernacular Cape Cod residential building includes:
- simple vernacular side-gabled design;
- one-and-a-half storey massing;
- vertical sliding windows;
- shingle cladding;
- rock foundation;
- corner boards;
- eaves flush with roof-line.
- central entranceway.
- location facing across the road from Fort Tipperary.
Local Governments (NB)
Local Historic Places Program
Municipal Register of Local Historic Places
Theme - Category and Type
- Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
- Architecture and Design
- Governing Canada
- Military and Defence
Function - Category and Type
- Military Support
- Single Dwelling
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
Charlotte County Archives - Old Gaol - St. Andrews, New Brunswick
Cross-Reference to Collection