The Stiver House
206, Main, Town of Markham, Ontario, Canada
The Stiver House
The Eckardt Stiver House
The Fredrick Eckardt House
206 Main Street
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The Stiver House is located at 206 Main Street, on the west side of Main Street in Unionville, Town of Markham. The one storey adobe brick dwelling was constructed circa 1829.
The property was designated by the Town of Markham in 1978 for its heritage value under Part IV of the Ontario Heritage Act (By-law 4-78).
Built circa 1829 the Stiver House is thought to be the oldest remaining dwelling in Unionville. It was built for a member of the Eckardt family, one of the first families to settle in the Town of Markham. The Stiver family, also descendants from the original settlers from Germany, lived in the home passing it down from generation to generation. During the late 20th century the residence was converted into a business.
The Stiver House is a good representation of a Regency cottage, often called the Ontario Cottage style because of its popularity in Ontario. The symmetrical three bay facade is flanked by Venetian windows with sidelights. The Neo-classical entryway is centrally located with a shelf entablature and four fluted pilasters. Between the pilasters are sidelights. On the low hip roof are two chimneys constructed of the same material as the rest of the dwelling.
A significant feature of the house is the adobe, or mud, bricks of which it was constructed. York Region is a common place to find buildings constructed of mud materials because of the large clay deposits pioneers found on their land. The bricks for the Stiver House were constructed from clay taken from the excavations for the basement. Mixed with water and fall wheat straw they were put into forms and left to harden in the sun. Since this type of brick tended to disintegrate on contact with water the buildings were adorned with wide, overhanging eaves. The use of this building material did not survive past the pioneer period and many of these buildings were covered with stucco and fired bricks.
Sources: Town of Markham By-law 4-78.
Character defining elements that contribute to the heritage value of the Stiver House include the:
- one storey adobe covered with stucco and fired bricks exterior
- low hip roof
- Neoclassical door surround
- shelf entablature
- four square pilasters
- recessed sidelights
- two chimneys
Local Governments (ON)
Ontario Heritage Act
Municipal Heritage Designation (Part IV)
Theme - Category and Type
- Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
- Architecture and Design
Function - Category and Type
- Commerce / Commercial Services
- Shop or Wholesale Establishment
- Single Dwelling
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
Town of Markham
Planning and Urban Design Department
101 Town Centre Boulevard
Cross-Reference to Collection