de Salaberry House National Historic Site of Canada
de Salaberry House
Maison de Salaberry
Maison de Salaberry
Links and documents
1814/01/01 to 1815/01/01
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The de Salaberry House National Historic Site of Canada is located in front of the Chambly Rapids in Chambly, Québec. The site consists of a large, three-storey stone house representative of vernacular Montréal villas built in the early 19th century. The house includes a low hipped-roof featuring two gable dormers, two side chimneys and an imposing columned portico. It was constructed under the orders of Lieutenant-Colonel Charles-Michel d’Irumberry de Salaberry from 1814 to 1815. De Salaberry lived in the house until his death in 1829. Official recognition refers to the limits of the property at the time of designation.
The de Salaberry House was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1968 because:
- it’s masonry construction and general form is representative of the style of villas common in the Montreal region in the first quarter of the 19th century;
- Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Michel d’Irumberry de Salaberry built the house in 1815 and lived there until his death in 1829.
The de Salaberry House was constructed under the orders of Lieutenant-Colonel Charles-Michel d’Irumberry de Salaberry between 1814 and 1815. De Salaberry was known as “the hero of Châteauguay” for his role in rebuffing American troops under Major-General Wade Hampton’s command at the Battle of Châteauguay on the 26th October, 1813. He lived in this house with his wife until his death in 1829.
The de Salaberry house is representative of vernacular Montréal villas built in the early 19th century. It is a large, three-storey stone house, which features two large parapeted chimneys and numerous casement windows. It is a rectangular, harmoniously proportioned building that makes use of cut stone building materials and exhibits common features of houses from the early 19th century, including the casement windows with plain trim and dormer window surrounds. It also features a classically detailed pediment and columns.
Sources: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, 1968, 2009.
Key elements that contribute to the heritage character of the site include:
- its location on Richelieu Road, in Chambly, Quebec;
- its setting facing the Chambly Rapids, along the route which continues on to Fort Chambly National Historic Site of Canada;
- its large three-storey massing, including a cellar and a kitchen, with a three-storey semi-hexagonal projecting bay set in the centre of the rear elevation;
- its cut stone rectangular form and construction;
- its low hipped roof, featuring two gable dormers;
- its large, symmetrically-placed multi-paned casement windows, including one on each façade of the semi-hexagonal bay projection;
- the double staircase at the rear of the house leading to the second storey;
- the main entrance, bordered by lateral paned windows and pilasters, set on an imposing columned portico with a gabled upper-storey balcony;
- the French door on the rear elevation and the wide stone terrace overlooking the Richelieu River;
- any interior features and details associated with the residency of de Salaberry from 1814 to 1829, including fireplaces, and pine floors, shutters and ceilings;
- viewscapes from the site across the Chambly Rapids.
Government of Canada
Historic Sites and Monuments Act
National Historic Site of Canada
1814/01/01 to 1829/01/01
Theme - Category and Type
- Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
- Architecture and Design
- Governing Canada
- Military and Defence
Function - Category and Type
- Single Dwelling
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection